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An Egyptian Describes the July, 2013, Coup

This is from a teacher friend who lives near Cairo. 

Regading the demonstrations they were hugely amazing and they were wide nation . I hope you’ve watched them on TV . I’d like you and all Americans to know that all the squares all over Egypt were exactly like Tahrir Square and all Egyptians asked the military to take the side of the people and help us to remove the dictator, terrorist and criminal Morsy who was asking his supports ( Muslim Brotherhood) to fight us , his opponents ( the majority of Egyptians) and use violence and cause chaos in the country. But thanks God the Egyptians won and gained their freedom and gave the criminal Morsy ,who  keeps claiming that he wants to maintain legitimacy by causing civil war in the country, a hard lesson and taught him  that the ballot is not a guarantee to any oppressive ruler to keep running our country and the people of the country are the Master and the ruler is just a public servant and should serve all  his people  and not discriminate and he should fulfill his promises of freedom , justice ,  maintaining dignity for his people , otherwise he should leave.  So I want you to know that the position of the American media is so misleading to the world as it support Morsy and his regime , who called on America to support him by sending him the American military to oppose and fight his people and the Egyptian army, and he  wants the world to believe it was a coup . But the fact is the military proved its patriotism and took the side of people and helped us to remove the criminal after the repeated calls from Egyptians to the military to intervene. So the intervention of the military came afterwards people’s calls .And right now in Egypt all Egyptians are so mad from the position of America towards our revolution  and they say that the American government is a supporter of terrorists and dictators and America is a hypocrite democracy as it contradicts its principals when it comes to its interests. So all Egyptians here try to clear the position of the military to the whole world and the minister of defense declared that Egypt is on a transitional phase and according to the constitution the Chief Jude of the constitutional court sworn in yesterday, as a temporary president till  we make a new constitution instead of the very oppressive constitution by Morsy and the Muslim Brotherhood and after that there will be a parliamentary elections and a presidential elections . So the military doesn’t rule .
This is a message from Egyptians to the misled American people. The situation right now is still unstable as the Muslim Brotherhood are trying to cause chaos and attack the military and his generals through the social media and try to damage its image by spreading the misleading news that it was a coup by the Egyptian generals. And they try to mobolise and use violence against their opponents. But i’m sure stability will happen soon. 


Loss of non-violent activism in Egypt?

After two years of ongoing conflict with the Morsi regime and the Muslim Brotherhood, some young people turned to civil disobedience such as the general strike supported by around 10,000 people in Port Said the end of January, 2013. They were protesting the court’s rulings about the soccer riot the year before. Others gave up on non-violent protest after numerous accounts of police kidnapping, torture, beating, and aiming their bullets at the protesters’ eyes. The catalyst was the police attack on a peaceful sit-in at the Presidential Palace in Cairo in December 2012. Five—or some say 10–demonstrators were killed and sparked “a generation born of the blood of the martyrs.” The faces of these youths are painted on Cairo walls. Hassan, 20, an engineering student and co-administrator of a Facebook page, explained to a reporter, “After the palace events we saw that the Brotherhood were very organized. We had to organize ourselves. Basically, the idea is to defend the revolutionaries” and the spirit of the revolution.

A month later the Black Bloc announced its formation via the Internet. A video filmed in Alexandria at night with a hard rock audio background proclaimed its opposition to a religious dictatorship, a “fight against the fascist regime and their armed wing. Get ready for hell. Chaos against injustice.” Their Facebook page quickly got over 35,000 fans. The roots of Black Bloc go back to young people wearing black clothes and black mask who were willing to destroy property to protest nuclear plants (Germany, 1980s), the World Trade Organization (Seattle, 1990, broke windows and spray painted graffiti), and Black Bloc members breaking windows at Occupy demonstrations in the US (Oakland 2011). In Egypt, they’re not anarchists although some of their black flags carried in demonstrations include the letter “A” for anarchy. It includes female members.

Their goals are to change the new constitution with its attempt to institute Shariah law, to establish secular democracy instead of “fascist tyrants,” and to protect women, foreigners and others harassed on the streets. They make their own Molotov cocktails, firebombs, and grenades and some members have shotguns. The Black Bloc acknowledges attacks on Muslim Brotherhood offices in various cities on its multiple Facebook pages. It also has its own rap song. Black baklavas are sold on the streets for who ever wants to join the demonstrations. Some wear gas masks or Guy Fawkes masks used by the group Anonymous. A participant in the Jan25 uprising told reporter Jared Maslin, “I think whoever is behind them is very immature. All they’ve done is given the government more excuses to clampdown on protests.”[i]

Blogger Gigi Ibrahim concluded on a positive note, “People have found their voice, they are not afraid and they know their way onto the streets.” Much work remains as the military controls much of the economy, many officials are ex-generals, it is funded by over a billion dollars from the US each year, and insists on shaping the constitution to keep some of its power. Youth succeeded in making a revolution but not in long-term planning.

[i] Jared Malsin. “Egypt’s Black Bloc—An Exclusive Interview,” HBO Vice,

http://www.vice.com/read/we-met-some-members-of -egypts-black-bloc


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