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Global Youth Dichotomies: What Are Your Observations?

Global Youth Dichotomies: What Are Your Observations?

This is from my book-in-progress about how youth are transforming our future.


1. Global youth are more informed about people in other cultures than previous generations, yet they are less likely to vote and many are uninformed about the causes of climate change. How can they be more informed and yet ignorant about the most important impact on their future?


2. Adults often focus on the negative aspects of young people, such as delinquency, yet view them as the source of what’s cool and trendy. What explains this contradiction?


3. American culture is described as adolescent, characterized by living in the present, mood swings, rebelliousness, openness to change, and fascination with extremes. Agree or disagree?


4. Are “little emperors” overly protected and spoiled by their parents? Does this leave them unprepared to deal with adversity? What do you observe among young people you know?


5. Is Mark Zuckerberg’s Facebook company the model of the Millennials, open-minded, concerned about helping others, collaborative and non-hierarchical? Or are they materialistic consumers who value their possessions?


6. Millennials are the “relationship generation,” who like to spend time with their parents. Has the generation gap narrowed? SpeakOut youth criticized adults for their bad habits, judgmentalism, lack of understanding, bossiness, and being stressed and angry. How can these two dichotomies exist at the same time?

Global Youth Attitudes Towards Globalization, book summary


Because of a lack of research on “the intersection of youth, religion, and globalization,” Princeton Theological Seminary researchers interviewed from 20 to 100 young Christians in each of eight countries (Japan, Russia, Germany, India, Argentina, Paraguay, Ghana and the US). They found that youth in developed countries and religious young people tend to be hopeful about global unity. Young people in developing countries and the non-religious worry about the negative impact of globalization on their job prospects and increasing poverty in their countries. Influenced by postmodern culture of “radical pluralism,” youth tend to value tolerance and openness. As an Argentinean youth said, “We are confronted by different cultures, languages, and a diversity of thoughts. I believe that is good. . . It is OK to consider accepting other people’s values, providing that we use caution and discernment.”

They are also concerned about losing their local culture; a youth from Ghana said, “They should not forget that they have their own culture to learn and practice to become good citizens of their country.” Others adopt “glocalization” maintaining their cultural identity and adapting to Western ideas. Globalization is associated with McDonaldization with American music and film, sports, and junk food. The ambiguity researchers heard young people express is increased by the big differences between how youth and their parents grew up in countries like Russia or in developing countries where youth are more informed by media than their parents were as teens. Also, globalization also leads to cultural clashes such as the French government outlawing signs of religious affiliation like Muslim or Sikh headcovering in schools and clashes with new immigrants. Understandably, some young people are more hopeful than others.


Richard Osmer and Kenda Creasy Dean, eds. Youth. Religion and Globalization. Transaction Publishers, 2007.


Dr. Weil: What vitamins he takes

Dr Weil what he takes with breakfast according to Drweil.com newsletter:

A multivitamin/multimineral – one tablet
Antioxidant – one capsule
CoEnzyme Q10 – one 60mg pill
Host Defense, a mixed-mushroom supplement for immune support – one capsule
Magnesium chelate – one 250mg pill
Fish Oil – four 500mg capsules
Weil Juvenon – one tablet

In the evening, with dinner, he takes:
A multivitamin/multimineral – one tablet
CoEnzyme Q10 – one 60mg pill
Vitamin D – two 1,000mg pills
Baby aspirin – two 80mg pills
Host Defense – one capsule
Magnesium chelate – one 250mg pill
Fish Oil – four 500mg capsules
Weil Juvenon – one tablet
“And above all, I eat well, which is by far the best nutritional tactic for health,” he says.
See DrWeil.com


Global Status of Women

    Global Status of Women

Email gkimball@csuchico.edu for a chapter on this topic. See http://opendoorsliteracyproject.weebly.com for an interview with an illiterate village girl.

In the 19th century, the moral challenge was slavery, in the 20th it was totalitarianism, and in this century it’s violence against women who suffer from sex trafficking acid attacks on schoolgirls, bride burnings to collect more dowry and rape by soldiers and others.[i] In many places women can’t vote, or inherit land, or go to school. They do the heavy work in rural areas and work a double job as working mothers. The greatest unused resource isn’t minerals, it’s uneducated girls and women, point outs out the NY Times reporters who wrote Half the Sky.

*Because boys are preferred In India and China, more than 1.5 million fewer girls are born each year than statistics would predict,[ii] leading to millions of missing women—more than all the men killed in all the wars and genocides of the 20th century.

*Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names. Girls are two-thirds of the children who don’t go to school. In Sub-Saharan Africa, for example, only 17% of girls are in secondary school. It would take 6 billion to provide basic education. Over 17 billion is spent on pet foods in the US and Europe. Global military expenditure stands at over $1.5 trillion a yearat current prices for 2009.

*Nearly 3 billion people—half of the world’s population—are poor. Women make up 75% of the poorest people and only 19% of parliament members worldwide. Only 1% of the world’s landowners are women.

*The UN reported in 2005 that over 200 million youth live in poverty, 130 million youth are illiterate, 88 million are unemployed and 10 million young people live with HIV/AIDS. Most (85%) of the world’s one billion young people between 15 and 24 live in developing countries.

*Rates of malnourishment are increasing—about 25% of infants and children under age five are underweight, leading to stunted growth (over 40% of the children under five in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa), with a total of one billion undernourished people. The leading cause of death of teenage girls in developing countries is complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Over 500,000 women die each year in childbirth, 20% as a result of unsafe abortions. One woman dies in childbirth every minute due to lack of adequate health care.

*By 2010, only 19% of parliament representatives were women, up from 11% in 1995.[iii] The highest numbers of women politicians were in Rwanda, Sweden and South Africa. Nine chambers lack any women at all, as in Saudi Arabia. In terms of heads of state, only nine of 151 elected leaders were women. Some countries are making progress in terms of women in power by setting quotas. The banking crisis that precipitated it was blamed on men by the Prime Minister of Iceland, Johanna Sigurdardottir, who campaigned to end the “age of testosterone.” The Scandinavian countries are models for gender equality programs like extensive parental leave.

*A new focus in development programs is the return on investment of programs for girls and women. The chief economist of the World Bank, Lawrence Summers states, “Investment in girls’ education may well be the highest-return investment available in the developing world.”[iv]

*Charitable organizations focusing on girls and women

International poverty:

Grameen Foundation helps the world’s poorest, especially women, improve their lives and escape poverty through access to microfinance and technology. Mr. Yunus won the Nobel Prize for his banking with small loans to groups of five.

Read his book Banker to the Poor, 2003.


Acumen Fund invests patient capital in a variety of institutions, reflecting the diversity of business models that can be effective in reaching the “base of the pyramid” (BoP)—or the billions of poor without access to clean water, reliable health services, or formal housing options. The fund loans or invests in larger projects than Grameen. Read Jacqueline Novogratz. The Blue Sweater: Bridging the Gap Between Rich and Poor in an Interconnected World, 2009. http://www.acumenfund.org/

Education in Pakistan

I’ve also started a small co-ed literacy program in NW Pakistan, no admin. costs. Contact me for photos and description. gkimball@csuchico.edu

Global Women:

The Global Fund for Women advocates for and defends women’s human rights by making grants to support women’s groups around the world. Since 1987, the Global Fund for Women has granted over $71 million to more than 3,800 women’s groups in 167 countries. www.globalfundforwomen.org/

The Environment

Take your pick from the best. http://www.fundraiserinsight.org/articles/environmentalfundraising.html

gkimball@csuchico.edu for chapter on girls and women globally

[i] Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, “The Women’s Crusade, The New York Times Magazine, August 23, 2009, p. 28. See their book Half the Sky: Turning Oppression Into Opportunity for Women Worldwide. Alfred A Knopf, 2009.

[ii] Tina Rosenberg, “The Daughter Deficit,” The New York Times Magazine, August 23, 2009, p. 23. Statistics are from Goretti Nyabenda, p. 33-34, also in the Times.

[iii] United Nations, The Millennium Development Goals Report, June 15, 2010, p. 25.

[iv] Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, p. xx.

A TED & Fluther discussion are youth altruistic?

I asked on the TED discussion site, “How are global youth changing our future? Are they Generation We or Me?”[i] More respondents said WE (14), and minorities (5 each) said they’re no different from previous generations or they’re “me” because adolescents are self-absorbed until they mature and social media keeps them isolated in front of a screen. David says “We’re generation ‘Are you fing kidding me?’ I always think it’s hilarious to hear older people talk about how selfish Millennials are as they refuse to pay for social security and Medicare to be solvent and shop at Wal-Mart instead of local businesses.” “We hope the economy falls apart because otherwise we’re enslaved to pay the last generations debts for wars, etc. which produced nothing for us.”  He adds if this selfishness “continues it’s 10 years before global warming causes mass starvation, at best.” Since this is a “war torn, bizarre world, nightmare of a country,” he’s not sure of how to proceed on his career path.

Several respondents said there’s a WE/ME ratio, so both traits characterize youth. For example, Lisa is a California college student who said when she surveyed other students about their definition of success, the majority said making money, but she knows WE students who volunteer, plan for careers in social entrepreneurship, and study global issues. She believes, “so many young people possess an incessant and powerful desire to learn about the world, make changes, and make the world a better place.’

Their access to information enables youth to see through hypocrisy and rebel against it, said ‘N SHR.’ They’re more aware but they lack depth, observes Bridget, a high school teacher (age 26). She observes that her students “have a greater connectivity with the whole world, and exposure to a massive amount of ideas and cultures which make them more aware of issues and needs and events, which makes them very sympathetic and open.” However, their knowledge is superficial; “They want to spring to action, but without being armed with knowledge or commitment. They are an apparent WE, but often driven by the emotions of the ME. For those who do find or have the foundations, I see them charging forward with an incredible influence for real change and good.“

Jeff, a Millennial, thinks that WE is a veneer for ME: “altruism, social justice and pop psychology are staples of my generation. ‘Altruism’ is a buzzword that also means I’m a good person and I’m looking out for your best interest so help ME out. In reality, it is an easily swayed adolescent mob where everyone is attempting to hijack the group for their own self-interest.”

The “we” explanations were that the Internet enables a new global culture which requires thinking about others, especially in the face of pollution, poverty, and disease which require collective solutions. Tanka, a Millennial in Nepal, believes that “alone and single we are doomed and along with us, the future.” He advocates created a network of youth to discuss, vote, and act, because without a network nothing is possible; “The act can be anything from not using a brand or bank or simple walking together.” Most agreed that the Internet makes this generation different and because of it they are altruistic, although sometimes self-centered.

I posted the same question on Fluther. With fewer responses, five thought there’s no difference in generations and that it’s selfish of older generations to saddle younger ones with debt, two thought youth are more aware and compassionate—“almost everyone volunteers.” One thought they’re both WE and ME, and one thought they’re superficial. As Janelle, a college student, said, “it’s hard to find someone that’s truly intelligent, has an appreciate for the arts, etc. Most of them won’t even know how to survive in the ‘real world.’ We’re raise with the skills to pass classes and to get good grades on tests, not much more.”

http://www.fluther.com/146779/whats-your-observation-of-young-people-today-gen-we-or-me/ – quip2501194

Low-Cost Literacy Program for Pakistani Villagers


Please take a look at the photos of illiterate young villagers learning to read and write in villages where there are no government schools. Our Open Doors Literacy Program is in NW Pakistan the area of US drone attacks.  With no administrative costs, please help us offer group 11 of the 100-day course, taught by a university student.




Now is the time to send your check to Open Door Literacy Project and Annie B’s: “Checks will be made out to “Annie B’s” and the name of our organization and sent from the donor directly to:

North Valley Community Foundation
3120 Cohasset Road, Suite 8
Chico, CA 95973”

Thanks so much for your help, Gayle Kimball


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