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Archive for August, 2011

quick, healthy recipes–sources

After some sample recipes, I list some Internet sources of other recipes. Please share your favorite quick healthy recipes in the comments. Thanks!

Be part of a cookbook with 10-minute prep time healthy recipes to raise money for Open Doors Literacy Project. Look at photos of our school with no administrative costs, just salary for teacher Hassan (age 19, helps with his university tuition), workbooks, and transportation costs in NW Pakistan—Peshawar violence is always in the news. You will be credited in the cookbook. http://opendoorsliteracyproject.weebly.com

Thelda’s starter for many recipes;

For each serving, sauté the following:

One medium onion, one stalk of celery, one large clove of garlic minced,

Cook on low heat in skillet with olive oil, or in a saucepan if using liquid ingredients. Cook until vegetables are soft, and translucent.

Add the following:

For tomato sauce, one medium can of chopped tomatoes or quartered fresh tomatoes. Serve over pasta with cheese on top. Italian seasoning or basil may be added.

For a white sauce; add one cup of milk or soymilk and one tablespoon of flour. Cook with veggies. As sauce thickens, add more liquid to desired constancy. Add seafood and serve over rice. Season with small amount of nutmeg, add butter.

For an Asian dish, add 1 T. of curry powder to sauce, plus 1 T. of Chinese 5 spices. Cut sweet bell pepper strips. Heat until warmed. Serve over rice. For more protein add 1/4 C. peanut  or almond butter.

Add chopped vegetables, heat, and serve as a side dish.

Chop one potato per person, add to veggies, increase milk, = potato soup

For summer, chill the soup.

Ursela’s Power Breakfast Yogurt

Goat or Greek yogurt, with nuts, seeds, lethicin, cinnamon, nutmeg (optional), and fruits of the season. Add stevia or honey and cardamom if desired.

Jo Ellen’s Veggie Quesadillas

with salad of black beans, tomatoes and corn

Whole grain tortillas, large size
Very fresh farmers cheese, or which ever variety you have on hand
Lots of small chopped veggies, zucchini, mushrooms, onion, broccoli, etc.
Warm a tortilla in a skillet on low, add cheese, veggies, salt and pepper to one 1/2 of tortilla
When cheese is melty and veggies are warm, fold the tortilla and flip to warm the other side.
Top with your favorite jar of salsa, or throw together a can of black beans with
fresh chopped tomatoes, onion, seasoning, thawed frozen or fresh corn, and lots of cilantro!

Other Sources of Quick Healthy Recipes

http://www.ChefMD.com

http://www.Drweil.com

http://www.ssproduce.net/common/recipes/cat_results_list.asp?Catalog=Time Savers&Prep_Time=1&storeID=5B2013B1E09E4079BC0E038B08E9890E

http://find.publicradio.org/search?site=spt&client=spt&proxystylesheet=spt&filter=p&access=p&output=xml_no_dtd&q=10+minutes&searchButton=Search

http://www.newmansown.com/recipes

http://busycooks.about.com/od/fastestrecipes/a/10minutes.htm

http://www.whfoods.com/recipestoc.php

http://www.fitnessmagazine.com/recipes/quick-recipes/dinner/dinner-in-20-easy-healthy-dinner-recipes/?page=2

http://www.ivillage.co.uk/75-fast-healthy-meal-ideas/78477

http://www.rd.com/slideshows/10-easy-healthy-appetizer-recipes-2/3/

http://www.shape.com/healthy-eating/meals-and-menus/quick-and-easy/healthy-vegetarian-recipes-10-easy-meals-in-10-minutes

http://fatfreevegan.com/

http://busybuthealthy.com/

http://www.totallyhealthyrecipes.com

Environmental Problems and Solutions

 Environmental Problems

All the two billion children born after June 23, 1988, belong to Generation Hot, who are growing up with global warming increasing, according to environment writer Mark Hertsgaard.[i] That was the year when NASA scientist James Hansen warned that greenhouse gases were raising global temperatures. Even if all warming emissions were stopped now, temperatures would keep rising until about 2040, Hertsgaard points out. “Future generations will face the fallout from the mistakes of today’s decision-makers,” states the European Youth Forum.[ii] Environmental problems are like the old tale of the Emperor’s New Clothes, where only a small boy has the courage to state that the Emperor isn’t wearing clothes at all. Or like the image of the frightened ostrich hiding its head in the sand. We’re ignoring the facts about global warming and destruction of the environment that threaten our survival. The most severe impacts of climate change are experienced by vulnerable low-income people and youth who have contributed the least to global warming. In the widely seen futurist film Avatar, Jake, the hero, says earth people take what ever they want and in the process killed their mother earth, stripping her of green.

All the talk about saving the planet for our grandchildren is alarmingly outdated, reports environmental writer Bill McKibben. He warns us, “The planet on which our civilization evolved no longer exists.” Humans have already irrevocability harmed the planet so “our whole civilization stands on the edge of collapse.”[iii] The maximum safe level of carbon dioxide is 350 parts per million, but it’s already at 390 and headed towards 650.[iv] Global emissions of carbon dioxide increased 35% from 1990 to 2007.[v] Global warming causes less rainfall and reduces crop production, dries up rivers, melts the snowcaps, and melts glaciers along with their reservoirs of water. The ocean is warming and becoming more acidic as the water absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, destroying coral reefs and preventing shellfish from making strong shells. A youth-oriented activist group to protect the ocean is www.oceanrevolution.org. The melting frozen tundra releases methane, a heat-trapping gas, and as it gets hotter, trees and plants are less able to absorb carbon. Forests are dying and decreasing.

The impact of global warming on humans is, less food production, more malnutrition and more food riots by hungry people, less drinkable water, battles over scarce resources, more mosquito-born diseases like dengue fever and malaria, stronger storms, and rising seas that inundate low-lying areas. Climate change hurts poor farmers—about 70% of whom are women and people in developing nations where most youths live.[vi] With climate change, many more young people have to migrate to find jobs: Read about case studies in the UNFPA report cited above. We’re running out of oil at the same time that Asian demand for oil is rising.[vii] The US uses 19.64 million barrels of oil per day and more than half is imported.[viii] We would need to reduce fossil fuel use by 20 times over the next few decades to return to 350 parts of carbon dioxide.[ix]

UNICEF reports that in 2010 the risk of hunger increased for 50 million people because of climate change, mostly hurting women and children. With the potential rise of up to 160,000 child deaths a year in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia directly resulting from climate change, the most vulnerable children suffer.[x]  “As climate keeps on changing to arid, I would encourage Kenyans not to rely on rainfall but practice irrigation farming to fight food shortage,” advises a girl we surveyed in Kenya.

Nations are not willing to promise to cut carbon emissions, as evidenced in the failure of the 2009 Copenhagen conference, which McKibben calls a fiasco, as well as the Cancun conference in 2010. Giant companies like Exxon Mobil spew disinformation campaigns pretending that global warming is a natural trend and thousands of lobbyists work on Capitol Hill to prevent positive changes in US energy policies.[xi] China is planning to increase its coal production, even though respiratory illnesses are common and China has 20 of the world’s 30 most polluted cities.[xii] “New planets require new habits,” but we’re stuck in the old ones that value growth and bigness. Green energy sources, like solar, wind and biofuels produce only about 1.7% of US energy.[xiii] Young people I surveyed are very aware of these issues and concerned about them. An Indonesian 14-year-old told me she wants to be wealthy businesswoman so she can invest money in preserving the environment (video available). A large majority of teens are very concerned about climate change and think major solutions are needed now.

The environmental movement is the fastest growing movement, as explained on the website 11thhouraction.org. The 11th Hour, a film produced by actor Leonardo Dicaprio, makes the point that our big mistake is thinking we have dominion over nature. Corporate greed is powerful. We work to consume instead of enjoying life.  As developing countries like China and India follow the US model of increasing consumption, we’ll run out of oil, metals, and fresh water.[xiv] The DVD Home (2009) filmed in 54 countries shows aerial photography of environmental disasters at a time when there are more people on planet Earth than ever before. Every year 70 million babies are added to the world’s population, mostly in countries where water tables are falling and wells are going dry, forests are shrinking, soils are eroding, and the grasslands are turning into desert. Half the Earth’s forests have been destroyed, used for fuel or grazing land for cattle for hamburgers. Trees can be planted in the Groasis Waterboxx which preserves moisture in an evaporation-proof bucket (groasis.com).

Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson wrote The Creation as an appeal to Christians to save the planet, rather than thinking in terms of dominion over nature. He explained that Earth has experienced five great disturbances, the last being a giant meteorite that landed in Yucatan, Mexico, triggering volcanic eruptions, dust, and tsunamis that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. The sixth disturbance now is caused in order of destructiveness: by climate change, invasive species, pollution, human overpopulation, and overharvesting.

Annie Leonard, the author of The Story of Stuff (DVD and book) compiled these facts to show how much we waste, especially in the US, although more possessions has not led to more happiness:[xv]

• The U.S. has 5% of the world’s population but consumes 30% of the world’s resources and creates 30% of the world’s waste.

• If everybody consumed at U.S. rates, we would need 3 to 5 planets.

• There are over 100,000 synthetic chemicals in commerce today, including household products, as explained in the book Slow Death by Rubber Duck.[xvi]

• The average U.S. person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago.

• We each see more advertisements in one year than people 50 years ago saw in a lifetime.

• In the U.S. our national happiness peaked sometime in the 1950s. All our stuff can create more work and less joy.

Appendices in Leonard’s book include examples of progressive reforms, individual actions, and sample letter to manufacturers and lobbyists. She describes her ideal future.[xvii] She suggests organizing for change with a group: WiserEarth lists thousands of groups.[xviii] She lives near friends and they share and borrow and trade services. The bottom line is to consume less. We need to change the definition of a healthy economy from one that continually increases consumption to one that includes quality of life like the Happy Planet Index, the Genuine Progress Indicator, or the UN Human Development Index. The collateral costs of health hazards and environmental destruction should logically be factored in economic models.

An Indian educator and writer, Dr. Vandana Shiva states.[xix]

We’ve got to get out of the mythology of growth that keeps everyone intoxified. We need to start recognizing the knowledge and productivity of the past. We need to start listening to the voices of the small producer, the small vendor, the small retailer, the small farmer, and the small fisherman–which is a majority of the world. It’s also a majority of the women. Out of that comes the truthful resurrection of diversity that gives us the possibility of small scale, low-impact economies for the earth and extremely high impact economies for human security and the future. A large group of Indian young people that is angry. They feel they are being denied a future. For example, 300,000 young people demonstrated to prevent a Pepsi plant. It didn’t make the news.

Global Warming

Our fuel comes from sun light in the form of ancient fossil fuels, coal and oil. Carbon dioxide and methane trap heat in the atmosphere. Major causes of greenhouse gases are deforestation and burning fossil fuels, mainly coal (which produces electricity for our appliances) and oil. In the US, the military is the largest user of petroleum products but is exempt from curbs on greenhouse-gas emissions.[xx] Large animals like elephants release methane gas when they pass gas or eliminate, so production of cattle increases gases. One meat-eater contributes more to global warming than one person driving a car.

We’re at the tipping point where we’ll lose control. The maximum safe level of carbon dioxide is 350 and we’re over 385. [xxi] (See www.350.org to figure out your carbon footprint.[xxii]) The global temperature rises each year.[xxiii] So much greenhouse gas was generated in 2008, for example, that temperatures will raise more than 2% by the end of the century, enough to cause major changes. People wrongly think that if we stop emitting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere that the climate would go back to normal in a few hundred years but the changes will last at least until the year 3000, according to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

China and the US are the two largest polluters, while the poorer countries produce less carbon dioxide. (See the DVD Shifting Nature to look at the pollution in China enabled by corruption and a lack of government regulation.”[xxiv] “Energy developments in China and India are transforming the global energy system by dint of their sheer size and their growing weight in international fossil-fuel trade,” reported the International Energy Agency (IEA) in its World Energy Outlook for 2007.[xxv] In China with its 1.3 billion people, one-third of the rivers are polluted, one-third of the land suffers from soil erosion and drought, more than three-fourths of its forests are gone, and city air is polluted. Its main energy source is coal–over two-thirds of China’s energy supply–and a new coal-fired power plant is built every week. The sulfur dioxide in burning coal contributes to global warming and acid rain that leads to about 700,000 early deaths each year, according to the World Bank. Every 30 seconds a Chinese baby is born with pollution-related birth defects. Acid rain is another health problem and the situation is worsening in some regions and cities.

These health problems inspired China to become a leader in clean energy technology, such as wind energy. In 2009, Beijing announced it would spend nearly $31 billion on the environment. It also spent $3 billion to buy hybrid–electric and fuel–vehicles to use in cities.[xxvi] China is developing solar, wind and biomass projects, but by 2020 they’ll still be a small percent of the energy use.

The average person living in a developed country produces from six to 23 tons of carbon dioxide per year.  In the US, the average person generates about 15,000 pounds of carbon dioxide every year from transportation, home energy, and energy used to produce the products and services they consume.[xxvii] The US is home to 5% of the global population but we consume about one-quarter of the energy and one-third of global consumption–more than $9 trillion in 2004.[xxviii] A typical person uses almost 24 acres worth of natural resources during a lifetime if everything consumed was spread out on the ground. In contrast, the average Italian uses seven acres. Much of the trash we create ends up in the ocean. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the largest trash pile, about 3.5 million tons of trash and plastic bags that harm sea life. It floats between Hawaii and California and scientists estimate it’s two times bigger than Texas.[xxix]

The polar ice sheets are melting faster than predicted. If we don’t save them, the sea level will rise 39 feet, creating over 600 million rising-sea refugees who will have to leave their homes. If the sea rises only a meter, more than 65 million people in Bangladesh will be flooded out, as will people in Micronesia and parts of Europe and the US. The Arctic seas could be ice-free by 2040 or earlier. The ice in the Aortic Ocean shrank 1 million more square miles in 2008 than the average melt over 25 years, according to NASA satellite data. The Arctic is disappearing, warmer than it has been in 2,000 years with shrinking snow cover and sea ice harming the animals that depend on the ice like polar bears. The melting ice leads to a bloom of plankton sooner than usual, so when migratory animals like whales and seabirds arrive at their usual time, there is no plankton left for them to eat.

The outcome of more heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere is more frequent and extreme weather, increasing heat waves and intense rainfall or drought, as predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.[xxx] Yet, US citizens elected more climate change deniers as members of Congress than ever before in 2010: Around half of the new representatives don’t think humans are responsible for global warming. The incoming House Speaker, John Boehner, said in 2009, “The idea that carbon dioxide is a carcinogen, that it is harmful to our environment, is almost comical.”[xxxi] A top Fox News editor ordered reporters to couple any mention of global climate change with skepticism about the data, according to Media Matters.[xxxii] As a consequence, of those who said they watched Fox News almost every day, 60% believed, unlike viewers of other news programs, that “most scientists think climate change is not occurring” or that “views are divided evenly.” Oil companies like ExxonMobil spend millions on a disinformation campaign, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists. Scott McNall discusses the denial campaign in Rapid Climate Change.[xxxiii] A group of scientists formed the Climate Science Rapid Response Team to answer questions in the media, similar to the American Geophysical Union’s Climate Q&A Service with PH.D. volunteers. Meanwhile, NASA’s James Hansen predicted record-high temperatures and more extreme weather.

Destruction of Lifeforms

We are killing off one-third to one-half of the earth’s species. Because of humans, almost half of the coral reef species, one-third of amphibians and one- quarter of mammals are threatened with extinction, according to a 2009 report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Nearly 17,000 species of plants and animals face extinction, due to loss of habit, pollution and climate change.[xxxiv] Environmental problems include deforestation including the rainforests, soil erosion (30% of the earth’s soil is degraded), destruction of corral and fisheries, and dead zones in polluted oceans. Forests are disappearing in Africa and South America, but being replanted in China, India, and the US. Overall, the net loss of trees over the past decade equals the size of Costa Rica, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization in 2010. But deforestation is slowing; over the last decade, about 13 million hectares of forest were lost each year, compared to 16 million hectares per year in the 1990s.[xxxv] Thirty million trees have been planted in Kenya in a greenbelt movement led by Nobel Peace Prize winner Wangari Maathai, described in her autobiography Unbowed. [xxxvi] Also in Africa, the ‘green miracle” is planting millions of new trees in Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso, using pits to hold water during infrequent rainfalls.[xxxvii]

Water Shortages

Water shortages are caused by using up groundwater supplies and by climate change, a problem in parts of India, China, the US, Mexico, Spain, and North Africa. In Africa, many of the 390 million people who live on less than $1.25 a day are small farmers who depend on the rain to grow their food but global warming is increasing droughts and hunger. Don Tapscott reports, “Lack of access to fresh water is a catastrophe for humanity. Some 2.8 billion (or 44%) of the world’s population already lives in high water-stress areas and the number will increase to 3.9 billion by 2030.[xxxviii] More than a billion people use water from polluted sources: A UN report called “Sick Water” estimated that two billion tons of wastewater is discharged daily.[xxxix] About 6,000 people die from water-related problems every day, most of them children, according to former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. By 2025, 40% of the worlds’ population could be living in countries with chronic water shortages, as fresh water comprises only 2.5% of the water on earth.

In India, Priya Verma, 18, is an activist to preserve underground water. She believes “child, youth and women are the builders of the nation and the environment is the most burning issue of our times.” She writes about the problem and about reforming education on her website (http://cywe.org) and researches solutions:

Keeping in view of gravity of the situation I have innovated some useful techniques of rainwater harvesting to increase the underground water resources which is useful not only to India but to the entire world. The innovative techniques/ideas given in the project “Increasing Underground Water Resources” has been recognized by the govt. of India, UNEP and organizations worldwide. The useful eco-friendly innovative techniques are Funnel System, Polythene cover System, Less Water for Plants-Growing plants in sand, gravel, liquid without adding soil, Pits/ recharge well system and other useful ideas in my project.

Chemical Pollution

A toxic brew of synthetic chemical compounds is destroying the planet. Industries process four million pounds of material to provide an average US family what it uses in a year. The Environmental Working Group, which does research and lobbying, found 287 industrial chemicals in the umbilical cord blood of babies born in US hospitals.[xl] In the US, girls are more likely than in the past to start developing breasts by age 7 or 8, because of obesity and possibly because of environmental chemicals that mimic estrogen.[xli] Mothers who live close to freeways have twice the risk of giving birth to autistic children: The rate of reported cases of autism increased by 57% from 2002 to 2006, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.[xlii] An unhealthy brown cloud of soot, smog, and toxic chemicals hovers over Asia. Shanghai families told me some days they can’t open their windows it’s so dirty. A 2008 United Nation report attributes the smog to wood burning, coal power plants, and diesel trucks. The pollution ranges from Lagos to Seoul, with 13 cities as hot spots, including Bangkok, Cairo, New Delhi, and Tehran. As well as harming lungs, the brown clouds change climate and rainfall, and harm crops. UC Berkeley and Harvard studies add to growing evidence that pesticides are linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, more so in boys than girls.[xliii]

Because of the toxic chemicals, “Across the world and across species, the male gender is in danger.[xliv]“ The CHEMTrust report, based on 250 studies from around the world, states that male fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals–including human beings–are being feminized by environmental pollution with several common chemicals. These include phthalates used in plastic food wraps, cosmetics, flame-retardants and many pesticides. Women in communities heavily polluted with such chemicals in Canada, Russia and Italy have given birth to twice as many girls as boys and men’s sperm counts are dropping.[xlv]

Model Programs

The head of the UN, Ban Ki Moon reminds us, “We know that those most vulnerable to climate change are poorest of the world’s poor…. A solution to poverty is also a solution for climate change: green growth. For the world’s poor, it is a key to sustainable development. For the wealthy, it is the way of the future.”[xlvi]

Traditional values revered nature, its plants and animals. Thom Hartmann calls for our modern New Culture to return to the cooperation with nature practiced by the “Old Culture” tribal groups.[xlvii] A guidebook to Hindu practices instructs readers, “While modern man often works to ‘conquer’ mother nature, ancient Indians ‘worshipped’ her. Hence, in India, we are taught to regard trees and plants as sacred. Indian scriptures tell us to plant ten trees if, for any reason, we have to cut one.”[xlviii] The new science that began with Einstein and quantum physics in the early 20th century also teaches us that we live in a “cosmos full of living interconnections.” We need to move from the belief that we should dominant the earth to understanding that we must protect it. The industrial worldview viewed life as a hierarchical pyramid, with humans at the top and the brain at the top of the human. Scientists used to think there were specific centers for language in the brain, for example, but now they know language is handled in different regions working as a system. Multi-national corporations fit the old model, concerned about making profit for the elite at the top. Hartmann believes that this process will require no longer granting corporations the rights of a person.[xlix]

The progressive model is cooperation in networks rather than domination in a hierarchical pyramid of authority like an army with generals at the top and privates at the bottom. Scientists even used to believe that animals were like machines that didn’t feel pain in lab experiments and they thought that only humans used tools. Jane Goodall (she started an environmental organization for young people[l]) was one of the first to recognize that chimps used tools to get into ant holes (as do octopi, otters, and other animals). The progressive paradigm or model is a spider web, like the Internet, permeated by conscious intelligence without a head. A practical application of this model is The Biomimicry Institute, led by Janine Benyus. The Institute “promotes learning from and then emulating natural forms, processes, and ecosystems to create more sustainable and healthier human technologies and designs.”[li] We need to head towards sustainable development, just as ecological systems adapt and change.

We need to simplify, save, and slow down to savor life (see In Praise of Slowness[lii]) in a traditional model of harmony with mother earth, a return to the balance practiced by indigenous peoples around the planet the authors state their goal is to live “unobtrusively and wholesomely off the land. We aim to take only what we need and not more.”[liii] Some proposals to finance climate protection are taxing international shipping and air travel, auctioning emission allowances, and a uniform global tax on carbon emission.[liv]

Jeremy Ben-Shalom, an Israeli environmentalist, suggests the key problem and solution:

Consumption and production is at the epitome of our unsustainable use of natural resources and its effect on our fragile climate. I am not arguing to stop consumption and production. I think that the problem is in the inequalities between its patterns in the developed and developing world. The developed world produces and consumes more than it needs and the developing world has not enough. I think that redistribution is needed, not only of goods but more importantly of power to set the terms of trade, energy, food, water, international investments, technology, etc.

Some people began to understand the need for action to stop global warming after the Hurricane Katrina disaster in New Orleans in 2005 and Vice-President Al Gore’s movie An Inconvenient Truth came out in 2006[lv] Gore’s 2009 book Our Choice: A Plan to Solve the Climate Crisis advocated solar, wind, geothermal, nuclear energy and other renewable energies. He pointed out we emit 90 million tons of pollution into the atmosphere every day and the world’s forests are disappearing by an acre every second. He says Sweden is the best model of how to preserve the environment. College students organized stepitup07.org to participate in demonstrations in all the states and created http://www.rsky.org to lobby on the national level to implement Gore’s suggestions.

After seeing Gore’s film, a 12-year-old boy named Alec Loorz created Kids vs. Global Warming for youth to learn and take action about climate change.[lvi] They organized a “million kid march” called the iMatter March on Mother’s Day 2011. An umbrella organization for US and Canadian youth-led groups is the Energy Action Coalition, “growing a generation-wide movement to stop global warming, by advocating for green jobs, stopping new coal, and making young people’s voices heard in the policy debate around global climate change.”[lvii] An earlier youth environmental organization is Yes![lviii]

Founded by teens in 1990, YES! has spoken to over 675,000 students and organized more than 100 week-long gatherings for visionary young leaders from 65+ nations. YES! brings sustainability, means-to-ends consistency, partnerships across historic divides, and intentional space for the role of love and spirit, into social change movements worldwide by convening transformational gatherings and building lasting partnerships with diverse social entrepreneurs.

A Texas girl started fund raising for an environmental center when she was 14. Eventually Sarah Jo Lambert raised $215,000 and helped build the center, developed an environmental curriculum and a Green Challenge for international Girl Scouts.[lix] She explained her motivation,

 I did all of this over a course of two years because I love the outdoors and being in the midst of wildlife. I wanted kids to be able to experience the same passion and love for this beautiful world that I feel everyday. . . I believe that if we start teaching “Green” concepts at earlier ages all children will start living with the same green attitudes. Who knows, they might end up saving the planet in their own little way and every little effort makes a big difference.

Author Bill McKibben’s answer is to do more locally, smaller, and slower in the communities where we live. For example, pay shares to support local organic farmers including urban farming. Some communities have wind power and other energy cooperatives, as in Canada. In Rwanda community work is performed the last Saturday morning of each month, as by planting trees.[lx] We can eat less meat, because as much as half of global warming gases are caused by the livestock industry, more than greenhouse gasses emitted by cars.[lxi] Cows produce one pound of methane for every two pounds of their meat. Activists for these kinds of remedies can use the Internet to organize, as McKibben has. For updates, see www.350.org.

A success story of fighting corporate pollution on the local level is the “Boston Tea Party of corporate law.”[lxii] It began in 1995 when a Pennsylvania attorney, Thomas Linzey, formed the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund (CELDF). The Fund works with rural Pennsylvania municipalities to pass ordinances and charters to eliminate corporate rights to pollute the countryside, as by dumping hog farm sludge. Linzey realized abolitionists didn’t try to regulate slavery; they passed amendments banning it. CELDF researchers discovered midwestern states that passed state laws banning agribusiness from owning or controlling farms from 1901 on and passed similar laws recently. Democracy School workshops were set up to train local activists so that over 100 communities passed Fund-drafted ordinances.

Plan B 3.O by Lester Brown, in his book by that title, tells how to save our planet. He updates his research and is even more urgent in World on the Edge (2011) where he says “we’re one poor harvest away from chaos.” Global warming is reducing the world’s grain supply, the foundation of the food economy. His goal is to stop global warming, slow population growth, erase poverty, and restore ecosystems. His plan includes how to create better energy efficiency as with incandescent light bulbs and a plant-based diet, renewable sources of energy like wind and solar, expanding forests, and doing away with coal power plants and overpopulation. He proposes a carbon tax of $240 per ton to discourage fossil fuel use. Some examples Brown gives of renewable energy in action are 60 million Europeans get their home electricity from wind farms, nearly 40 million Chinese homes get their hot water from rooftop solar-water heaters and Iceland uses geothermal energy.[lxiii] These alternatives need to become the norm. Renewal energy could provide almost 80% of the world’s energy supply within four decades—including two billion people not connected to energy–if governments invest 1% of global GDP annually, according to a 2011 report by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.[lxiv]

Model Cities, Countries: Cities are creating information networks about resources[lxv] and regions are joining together, such as a group started by former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2010 called R20 to fund reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Schwarzenegger says local governments are taking action because:

We can’t afford to wait for national and international movement. I think that all great movements start on the grassroots level, so I think that we start on the local level, the state level and move up and put the pressure on national governments to get the job done. R20 will help pave the way in the transition to a green economy that will clean the environment, create green jobs and respond to the unavoidable impacts of climate change. [1]

Chicago is working to become “the greenest city in America,” although Portland, Oregon, makes that claim. Chicago planted over 500,000 trees and added more than two million square feet of rooftop gardens. It collects food wastes to turn into compost for city gardens. Plastic bags—“urban tumbleweeds”–were banned by the city of San Francisco, cities in India and Bangladesh, etc. People can shop with reusable cloth bags or paper bags of biodegradable materials.[lxvi] It takes 1,000 years for plastic to biodegrade: An Internet petition opposes their use.[lxvii] San Francisco also banned the use of city funds to buy bottled water because of the huge waste in plastic bottles—around the world 2.5 million water bottles are tossed each hour. The DVD Tapped shows us about water shortages and bottled water.[lxviii] When I was in Tanzania, they burned plastic bottles and other trash, polluting the air.

The Cool Cities program encourages the hottest cities to paint roofs and paved surfaces white. Hashem Akbari, a scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, explains that white reflects the sun’s rays rather than attracting and absorbing heat. (The albedo effect keeps the poles cold as ice reflects the head. As the ice area decreases it increases warming.) The city of Berkeley passed a law in 2007 committing the city to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, down from 696,498 tons of greenhouse gases that the city generated in 2000. Solutions are to have shared vehicles and free bus passes; to require high-efficiency home appliances, solar-powered water heaters, and insulation in building walls; and to require new building to be green as by using recycled and green materials.

Models of green buildings include the Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability in Vancouver, British Columbia, and the California Environmental Protection Agency’s 25-story Joe Serna Jr. Building. It used recycled ceiling tiles and has worm-composting bins, leading to savings of around $1 million a year. Ford Motor Company’s old River Rouge Complex was restored with a roof garden that collects rainwater on over 10 acres. The University of New Hampshire gets much of its energy from methane gas generated by its huge compost landfill. The 30 St. Mary Axe building in London has gardens on every sixth floor for air purification.[lxix] The UK plans to build “eco-towns” powered by wind or solar energy, not dependent on cars, and minimizing water use. As of 2016, all new homes must be carbon neutral in the UK, although skepticism abounds about achieving the goal. [lxx]

Although the US Congress resists taking action to prevent global warming, some states tried to do something. The world’s eighth-largest economy, California passed a law in 2006 called the Global Warming Solutions Act. It imposed an 80% carbon emission reduction by 2050. It set up a cap-and-trade program because Congress didn’t pass it. (“The ‘cap’ is a legal limit on the quantity of greenhouse gases that a region can emit each year and ‘trade’ means that companies may swap among themselves the permission—or permits—to emit greenhouse gases.”[lxxi]) However, the attorneys general of at least four other states sued on the grounds it interferes with the right to freely conduct interstate commerce. Renewable energy will only account for about 10% of US energy consumption by 2020,[lxxii] while the European Union is aiming for 20%.[lxxiii]

Germany is a leading European country in developing green technology; for example, its parliament building runs on green energy. The country developed 250,000 new jobs in renewable energy by mid 2009, including wind power jobs. The green-jobs creation program costs the average family $38 a year on its utility bill. The government gives people incentives to retrofit their homes, police give tickets to polluting cars that drive in emission-reduction zones, and competitions are held to see who can save the most power.[lxxiv] Spain is second in the world in wind-energy production and is a leader in solar and biofuel technologies. Sweden’s Natural Step established environmentally responsible industrial practices. In South Korea, consumers can earn “carbon points” for cash rebates when they use a “green credit card” to buy eco-friendly products or actions like taking public transport. The card is part of a government effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% by 2020, and private companies are also offering coupons in return for conserving electricity and water.

When I was in Brazil, gas stations had both gas and sugar cane ethanol, and they can be mixed in the gas tank. An organization called Teirra América describes the struggle of Brazil’s former environment minister, the daughter of rubber tappers in the jungle who learned to read and write in her teens.

Under the leadership of Marina Silva, Brazil’s environment minister from 2003 to 2008, the country once thought to be among the worst environmental offenders in the world turned a corner.[lxxv] Today Brazil is a country that powers its cars with energy-saving ethanol, relies heavily on hydroelectric- and wind-produced energy, and legislates to protect the land rights of indigenous communities. In 2008, it soared to first place in National Geographic’s Greendex survey [India was second, US consumers were at the bottom], which ranks countries by environmentally sustainable consumption patterns. [You can get your own individual score by taking an online survey and also test your knowledge and compare with answers from individuals in other countries.[lxxvi]]

But Brazil’s environmental gains may not be long lasting. Experts predict that by 2014 Brazil will be the fifth-largest economy in the world, ahead of France and Britain. It’s these economic ambitions that threaten the country’s environmental footprint. In 2008, Marina Silva stepped down from her post at the Ministry of the Environment to return to her previous position in the Senate, citing a “growing resistance” within the Brazilian government to protecting environmental interests as her reasoning.

In 2010 Marina Silva ran on the Green Party for president. Silva used social media such as Twitter and Facebook to help spread her ideas of environmentally sustainable growth, especially to younger voters.[lxxvii] Young people started a movement on Twitter to support Marina Silva for president of Brazil, quickly attracting over 100,000 followers, but Dilma Rousseff won because of the endorsement of the previous president. Izabella Teixeira became Environment Minister, setting up a crisis center in 2011 to combat increased deforestation in the Amazon rain forest.

As well as governments, progressive businesses are going green. Sun Microsystems plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by using energy-saving technology and allowing thousand of employees to telecommute at home. In 2006 Toyota was the world’s first automaker to offer a mass-produced hybrid car, the Prius. India’s Tata Company featured the Tata Nano, the world’s cheapest car, in 2008, with a total cost of only $3,250. Indians worry about what it will do to already crowded roads and to auto emission, although it gets 47 miles to the gallon.

Dried miscanthus, a plant related to sugar cane, could be the fuel of the future. Researchers say it’s possible to convert the cellulose in this and other plants into a fuel that could replace diesel and gasoline. Researchers at the new Energy Biosciences Institute at the University of California-Berkeley are working on a recipe for this biofuel. Also in California, a new way to harness solar energy is being tested at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s National [fusion] Ignition Facility.[lxxviii] The goal is to use hydrogen from ocean water to create an endless supply of clean fuel.

An expensive effort to use the sun’s energy to create nuclear fusion is underway in France.[lxxix] It’s funded by a coalition of governments as construction of the plant alone costs over $17 billion. It’s called ITER, Latin for “the way.” The process will begin in 2026, fusing hydrogen nuclei that release massive energy. “Fusion offers the prospect of thousands of years of energy supply without further [environmental] issues,” reports Mike Zarnstorff, the deputy director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory in New Jersey.

Schools

The Sierra Club rates the 100 greenest colleges in the US, with Green Mountain College in Vermont as #1.[lxxx] Local schools can become green schools by growing a vegetable garden, serving local organic food, using ecological cleaning products, and educating children about the ecosystem. They can compost food wastes, use recycled paper, and LED lights.[lxxxi]  Providing exercise as well as healthy food helps correct the obesity problem. Eight large US foundations, including the Gates Foundation, formed Agree to work through conflicts between conventional and alternative sustainable farming.[lxxxii] In China, Yunan Jin dreaded the sandstorms when they blew in every spring in Beijing, “a veritable hell on earth,” so when he was age 14, he got people together to plant trees in Mongolia where the storms start. Schools can encourage tree planting in their neighborhoods.

High school students in Malawi had these suggestions for conservation:[lxxxiii]

Recycle paper, plant trees, and use alternatives to burning charcoal. Students “promise not to be littering and to reuse plastics, treating sewage and making organic manure as Malawi is agriculture based.” Nellie wants to “Sensitize the community through groups and clubs” and to “recycle paper.”

The Kyoto Accord of 1997 was the first attempt by the nations of the world to slow down global warming, but expired in 2012. Only the US and Australia didn’t sign it, but among European countries, only the United Kingdom and Sweden achieved real reductions in greenhouse gases. The Montreal Protocol of 2009 was the first environmental treaty to achieve universal ratification. All the world’s governments are now legally committed to phase out ozone depleting substances (ODSs). The Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund helps developing countries to stop using ODSs like halons. Some proposals to finance climate protection are taxing international shipping and air travel, auctioning emission allowances, and a uniform global tax on carbon emission.[lxxxiv]

A small step forward was the Copenhagen Conference in 2009 where for the first time governments agreed that global warming is a scientifically proven problem and green technology is the business of the future. The conference demonstrated a shift in global power from the West, as India, Brazil, and South Africa, brokered the agreement with the US and the EU—although without any binding specific actions. At the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun, Mexico, 2010, President Felipe Calderon warned, “If we do not take immediate decisive measures, the negative effects will worsen and the economic, social and ecological consequences will be devastating.” He pointed to the year’s devastating floods in Pakistan, forest fires in Russia, and increase in Caribbean hurricanes as examples of extreme weather. However, decisive measures weren’t taken. The conference participants from over 190 countries agreed to wait for another year to decide in Durban, South Africa, if they should extend the Kyoto Protocol of 1997. They did establish a new fund to help poor countries adapt to climate change and preserve tropical forests.

Individual Solutions

To read about individuals who’ve protected the environment in their countries, read about Goldman Environmental Prize for grassroots activism winners.[lxxxv]  A list of actions individuals can take is posted elsewhere on my blog.[lxxxvi]

Young people are aware they have to live with the consequence of previous generations trashing the planet. They want change, but it’s not clear if they’re willing to give up some excessive consumerism to encourage more equitable distribution of limited resources.


[ii] “International Year of Youth” report from the European Youth Forum, edited by Giuseppe Porcaro, 2010, p. 39.

[iii] Bill McKibben. Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet. Times Books, 2010, p. 105.

www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/

[iv] McKibben, p. 15.

[v] United Nations, The Millennium Development Goals Report, June 15, 2010, p. 53.

[vi] UNFPA State of the World Population 2009 Youth Supplement, “At the Frontier: Young People and Climate Change,” p. v.

[vii] Howard Kunstler. The Long Emergency: Surviving the Converging Catastrophes of the Twenty-First Century. Atlantic Monthly Press, 2005.

[viii] Paul Raubwer, “Beyond Oil: Here’s How to Get There,” Sierra Club Magazine, January, 2011, pp. 30-36.

[ix] Ibid., p. 184

[x] http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8374965.stm

UICEF UK – Climate Change, Child’s Rights and Intergenerational Justice

[xi] Ibid., p. 55

[xii]http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:21284107~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

[xiii] Ibid., p. 53

[xvi] The authors discuss seven common toxins found in baby bottles, cans, plastic containers, shampoo, etc.

Rick Smith and Bruce Lourie. Slow Death by Rubber Duck.  Counterpoint, 2010.

[xvii] Annie Leonard. The Story of Stuff. Free Press, 2010, pp. 247-250.

[xviii] www.wiserearth.org created by Paul Hawken

[xix] Vandana Shiva, “The Violence of Globalization,” in Neva Welton and Linda Wolf, Global Uprising: Confronting the Tryannies of the 21st Century. New Society Publishers, 2001. http://www.daughters-sisters.org/8_interviews/vandanaShiva.htm

[xx] Barry Sanders. The Green Zone: The Environmental Costs of Militarism. AK Press, 2009.

[xxi] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), June 2010, p. 55.

[xxii] MyFootprint.org, or SafeClimatenet/calculator, or www.terrapass.com or http://www.footprintnetwork.org

[xxiii] . http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming

“State of the climate,” National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminsitration report on research from 48 countries states warming is unmistakable and 90% of the warming has gone into the oceans, melting glaciers and sea ice.

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/?report=global

[xxiv] China from the Inside, PPS series of four, 2006.

[xxv] Michael T. Klare. Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet: The New Geopolitics of Energy. Holt, 2009. http://www.ips-dc.org/articles/global_power_shift

http://www.ips-dc.org/articles/global_power_shift

[xxvi] Michael Standaert, “China Turns to Clean Tech to Stimulate Its Economy, San Francisco Chronicle. May 10, 2009, Section A.

[xxxiii] Scott McNall. Rapid Climate Change. Routledge, 2011.

[xxxiv] United Nations, The Millennium Development Goals Report, June 15, 2010. P. 53.

[xxxv] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), June 2010, p. 54. unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un…/unpan039616.pdf

[xxxvii] Mark Hertsgaard. Hot: Living Through the Next Fifty Years on Earth. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010.

[xxxviii] “Viewpoint, “Top 10 Themes from 2010 Davos World Economic Forum,” February 2, 2010. http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/feb2010/ca2010022_162429.htm

[xlii] Heather Vol, lead author, Journal of Environmental Health Perspectives. December, 16, 2010.

http://universityofcalifornia.edu/sites/uchealth/category/news/page/2/

[xliii] Thomas Maugh II, “UC Study Links ADHD, Pesticides,” Los Angeles Times, May 16, 2010.

http://articles.latimes.com/2010/may/16/science/la-sci-pesticides-20100517

[xliv] A report released December 7, 2008, by CHEMTrust, a British organization.

[xlvi] Ban Ki Moon, “What the World Needs is a Green Deal,” San Francisco Chronicle, November 26, 2008.

[xlvii] Thom Hartmann. The Last Hours of Ancient Sunlight. Three Rivers Press, 2004.

[xlviii] Swamini Vimalananda and Radhika Krishnakumar, “In Indian Culture Why Do We . . .” booklet, Central Chinmaya Mission Trust, Mumbai, 2007.

[xlix] Thom Hartmann. Unequal Protection: The Rise of Corporate Dominance and the Theft of Human Rights. Rodale Press, 2002

[lii] Carl Honoré. In Praise of Slowness: Challenging the Cult of Speed. HarperCollins, 2004.

[liii] Adama and Naomi Doumbia. The Way of the Elders: West African Spirituality and Tradition. Llewellyn Worldwide, 2004.

[liv] United Nations Development Progamme, “What Will It Take to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals?–An International Assessment,” June, 2010, p. 35.

[lv] Other green films are: FernGully: The Last Rainforest (1992, animated) Wall-E (2008, animated), Silent Running (1971), Gorillas in the Mist (1988), Erin Brockovich (2000), Who Killed the Electric Car (2006, documentary), March of the Penguins (2005), and Avatar, 2009. Wall_E and Avatar are animated science fiction taking place in the future when there is no greenery left on earth due to human greed. Avatar is the best selling film of all time. Wings of Migration, Earth, Oceans, and Cats of Africa show us nature and how humans are making animals suffer. These films are made by Disneynature.

[lxi] Ibid, p. 176.

[lxiv] Fiona Harvey, “Renewable Energy Can Power the World, Says Landmark IPCC Study, Guardian, May 9, 2011.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/may/09/ipcc-renewable-energy-power-world

[lxvi]“Andrew Curry, While Energy Policy Falter, Plastic Bag Laws Multiply, National Geographic, May 3, 2011 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2011/05/110503-plastic-bags-bans-and-taxes-multiplying/

[lxix] sierraclubgreenhome.com

[lxxii] National Research Council and US Department of Energy 2010 Annual Energy Outlook.

[lxxiii] Christine Lins, “Going Beyond 2020,” Bridges, Vol. 27., October 2010.

http://www.ostina.org/content/view/5202/1385/

[lxxiv] . “Intelligence Report,” Parade Magazine, May 24, 2009.

[lxxxi] greenschools.net, http://www.childrenoftheearth.org/ environmental education for youth, http://www.teensturninggreen.org/

[lxxxiii] Internet Discussion between Voices of Youth, high school students and UNICEF Malawi, 22t May 2009 http://www.unicef.org/voy/speakout/speakout_567.html

[lxxxiv] United Nations Development Progamme, “What Will It Take to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals?–An International Assessment,” June, 2010, p. 35.

Interviews with Egyptian Youth Activists and slides of ancient sacred sites, July 2011

slides comparing ancient sacred sites and youth culture in Egypt and England https://gaylekimball.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/england-and-egypt-ptx.pptx

 Video of interview with Egyptian youth activists in Tahrir Square    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VB9FJhSsHYs

Talking with Illiterate Village Girls in Pakistan

The Open Doors Literacy Project was initiated to enlighten Pakistani village women and teenage girls with the light of Education. See http://www.global1.youth-leader.org/2012/06/hassan-saeed-100-day-literacy-programs-to-empower-pakistani-village-youth/ Usually, literacy rate in villages is low and the people there remain ignorant. Part of the reason is the low quality of their schools, no school in some areas, or the strictness of their parents that revolve around many issues for girls. The Open Doors Literacy Project exists to provide a platform to those people by teaching them basic Urdu and numbers. The program is a 100-day course with 2 hours of classes a day, 6 days a week. The program gives students a base to do basic reading, basic writing and numbers. With that, the students are also given a daily travel allowance, which enables them to come for classes from far distant villages in remote areas of Peshawar. The first class of this project was September 2010. We hope to continue it and stretch this network of education by providing free, quality education to these kids and help them stay alive in this modern age.

Hassan reports

Via Skype, with Hassan translating, I talked with five of students, teen girls and a mother of 9, who is 35. She was shocked that I only had one child. I tried to explain rhythm method of birth control, but Hassan and the students didn’t have basic knowledge of reproduction. Photos of the house and courtyard are available on the OPDL website.[i] I asked the girls if their generation is different from their parents’ generation. They said yes because their parents are illiterate while now that they can read they get more respect and “know better” about some issues. They said they’re not going to make the same mistake with their children. Two of the girls said they would like to be nurses. They enjoy reading the newspaper but don’t have access to books except for reading the Koran in Urdu. Shehla said, “All they think about is getting us married. Now we think of learning and helping the country grow.” However, Shumaila, 14, announced that she was recently engaged to a man she hasn’t met, she’s only seen his photo. His parents want the marriage to be soon, but her parents would like to delay the marriage for about four years. The girls said their parents were supportive of learning, waking them up early to be ready for class. They trust Hassan to teach their girls, referring to him as older brother. They appreciate it when Hassan brings food for them.

I asked if there were any government schools available for them to continue their education, but no, only a distant school that goes to grade three, where—like other government schools on all levels—the teachers don’t come to class.

During a Skype session with teacher Hassan translating, I asked the Group 3 Open Doors Literacy Project girls if their generation is different from their parents’ generation. (http://opendoorsliteracyproject.weebly.com.) They said yes because their parents are illiterate while now that they can read they get more respect and “know better” about some issues. They enjoy reading the newspaper but don’t have access to books except for reading the Koran in Urdu. Shela said, “All they think about is getting us married. Now we think of learning and helping the country grow.” However, Shimala, 14, announced that she was recently engaged to a man she hasn’t met, she’s only seen his photo. His parents want the marriage to be soon, but her parents would like to delay the marriage for about four years.

The girls said their parents were supportive of learning, waking them up early to be ready for class. They appreciate it when Hassan brings food for them. Hassan gave me a tour of their place on camera and in the outdoor cooking area with a gas burner we only saw a bowl of vegetables. The house is composed of two rooms with cots and no decoration. Their toilet is a hole in the ground in the yard protected by a wall. I asked if there were any government schools available for them to continue their education, but no, only a distant school that goes to grade three, where—like other government schools on all levels—the teachers don’t come to class.

When asked about generational differences, Group 4 they said their parents had more experiences and teach good values like help others and don’t lie, so they should be obeyed. Their parents are supportive of their participation in ODLP. They were less critical than Group 3, perhaps because they’re younger—ranging from 9 to 13. They have many siblings, ranging from 2 to 8 brothers and sisters. I asked one girl with 2 sisters and no brothers if her parents wanted a boy. She said her mother doesn’t want a boy, but feels guilty when she sees families with sons. One of the girls has 1 5 sisters and 1 brother; her father is handicapped, so her 16-year-old brother supports the family with a store. He not to drop out after third grade in a government school for boys. There’s a private co-ed school near them, but their families can’t afford the tuition. Like Group 3, they’re not eager to get married. They think around 20 is a good age for a girl to marry.

They eat mainly legumes and meat is rare. Only one of the girls has a vegetable garden, as they mainly grow fruit trees. I want to explore creating a group garden as a school project. I asked what they do for fun: play cricket and soccer, draw, help their mothers with housework, and visit cousins.

When asked about why they wanted to learn to read and write, their responses were altruistic. They want to help their poor village, orphans, parents and country, and like Group 3, their particular concern is health care. A hospital is far from the village, so they would like to establish a clinic there and several of the girls would like to be doctors. I suggested to a friend who works for USAID in Pakistan that she look into establishing health care training for poor village girls.             They also like making new friends in their class. Lubna, 10, would like to be a cultural ambassador to counter the influence of the terrorists.            Medima, 10, said it gives her a reason to wake up, to be part of a team, establishing a foundation to increase their knowledge.

I asked both groups if they had questions for me. Group 3 asked about my daily life, my family, and my house—how many rooms. The one question from Group 4 was why do Americans target Pashtun people to kill in Pakistan? I said the drones were after the Taliban, who happen to be Pashtun tribe. I felt badly about the over 3,000 people who’ve been killed by drone attacks. I didn’t expect that President Obama would escalate the attacks. A girl, age 10, said it was the same there, people vote for a politician and they do something you don’t want.

I asked what they think of their teacher. Both groups like that he calls them every night to remind them to come to class and study, brings them food, is very kind, and a strict teacher. They refer to him as older brother. It’s very moving to be able to talk with villagers across the planet and see we’re making a difference in their lives.

M. Bachmann says be submissive to husband

In a Newsweek article, August 7, 2011, Michelle Bachmann is quoted:

She has said her husband directed her to study tax law, and she obliged because “the Lord says: be submissive, wives; you are to be submissive to your husbands.” Asked about her choice of words, she explains, “That means that I respect my husband, and he respects me.” But in a Bachmann White House, she adds, “I would be the decision maker.”

How can she be submissive to her husband and be President?

Notes on Preventing Osteoporosis

Osteo. Is defined as having a bone fracture. In half the fractures, women don’t have osteo T scores. One-third of  women will get fractures.

Bone building is a 4-8 month process.

http://fitness.mercola.com/sites/fitness/archive/2013/07/05/bone-health.aspx?e_cid=20130705_DNL_JLY4DNOMIN_JLY4BAN_art_1&utm_source=dnl&utm_medium=email&utm_content=art1&utm_campaign=20130705JLY4DNOMIN
To recap, your bones are actually composed of several different minerals, and if you focus on calcium alone, you will likelyweaken your bones and increase your risk of osteoporosis as Dr. Robert Thompson explains in his book, The Calcium Lie

<http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2010/12/21/osteoporosis-prevention-and-treatments-exposed.aspx> . Remember, calcium, vitamins D and K2, and magnesium work synergistically together to promote strong, healthy bones, and your sodium to potassium ratio also play an important role in maintaining your bone mass. Ideally, you’d get all or most of these nutrients from your diet (with the exception of vitamin D). This includes:

  • Plant-derived calcium: raw milk from pasture-raised cows (who eat the plants), leafy green vegetables, the pith of citrus fruits, carob, and sesame seeds
  • Magnesium: raw organic cacao and supplemental magnesium threonate if need be
  • Vitamin K2: Grass-fed organic animal products (i.e. eggs, butter, dairy), certain fermented foods such as natto, or vegetables fermented using a starter culture of vitamin K2-producing bacteria. Goose liver pâté, and certain cheeses such as Brie and Gouda
  • Trace minerals: Himalayan Crystal Salt, which contains all 84 elements found in your body, or other natural, unprocessed salt (NOT regular table salt!)
  • Vitamin D: Ideally from appropriate sun exposure (or a safe tanning bed), as it’s virtually impossible to get sufficient amounts from food. As a last resort, you could use a supplement, but if you do, you may also need to supplement with vitamin K2 to maintain ideal ratios

The bottom line?
One of the best ways to achieve healthy bones is a diet rich in fresh, raw whole foods that maximizes natural minerals so that your body has the raw materials it needs to do what it was designed to do. In addition, you need healthy sun exposure along with regular, weight-bearing exercise.

Delicious Living mag.  (OCt. 08) recommends: 1,500 ca., 500 magnesium, 3 mg boron, 2 mg manganese, 20 mg zinc, 100 mcg vit K., 1000 vit D, alkaline diet–avoid meat, saturated fat, soft drinks, grains, fish, poultry, shellfish, milk and cheese and salt produce acid.  Alkaline: veggies, limes, raspberries, pineapples, grapefruits, lemons. Load bearing exericse–walking doesn’t put enough pressure on bones to stimulate bone growth. Jump, lunge, squat, climb stairs, work out with weights while standing.

The guidelines reaffirmed the importance of diet, exercise, controlling weight and blood pressure, limiting salt intake and quitting smoking. They also recommended not relying on vitamins, not using hormone therapy or selective estrogen modulators as a heart attack prevention method, and not taking aspirin for heart attack prevention until after the age of 65.

An article in the Chron says inflammation is crucial in heart disease “by causing the most vulnerable plaques inside arteries to rupture, triggering blood clots that finally block blood flow.’  Inflammation is measured by C-reactive protein in the blood which drives satins down. How to reduce inflammation? See d. Where are you???

Aging is linked with bad free radical byproducts of oxidation, glycation that alters proteins (sugars kind of caramelize in the body), and chronic inflammation linked to many diseases.

a. *Antioxidant foods to fight free radicals include: blueberries, cranberries (also prevent cavities) sesame seeds, green tea, red grapes, uma plums, olive oil, tomatoes, broccoli (fights cancer tumors along with shitake and rishi mushrooms, chlorophyll, turmeric and sea vegetables; avoid sugar).

b. *Blood sugar regulation: fiber foods, cinnamon, fenugreek seeds, green tea, and chromium.

c. *Heal glycation with carnosine.

d. *Lessen inflammation: Fish: wild salmon, sablefish, mackerel, herring, sardines. Vegetables: onions, garlic, chives, leeks, greens (spinach, chard, collards, broccoli, kale), tomatoes, bell peppers, green beans, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, beans, nuts, and seeds.  Fruit: berries (especially blueberries, raspberries and Hawthorne). Spices: ginger, turmeric, cinnamon, clove. Herbs: rosemary, thyme, oregano, parsley, cilantro, fennel, mint, dill, tarragon, and turmeric.

www.imagkenews.com/vitalchoiceseafood/e_article) www.ultraprevention.com/tools/top_ten_to_cool_the heat_of_inflammation.htm

e. *Supplements: Andrew Weil, MD, emphasizes taking fish oils and flax seed for the omega 3 and avoiding omega 6 in hydrogenated oils such as margarine. (See drweil.com and Healthy Aging)

John Upledger, DO, recommends one supplement in his book Cell(f) Talk—COQ10. (Mind boggling explanation of intelligent cell physiology.)

Norman Shealy, MD, Ph.D., emphasized the importance of magnesium applied on the skin, which he sells, as explained in his book Life Beyond 100 and on normshealy.net.

Strontium Suggested Use from Internet

Take one to three capsules daily on an empty stomach, one hour before breakfast and/or three hours after the last meal of the day, or as directed by a qualified health consultant. Ensure that calcium intake is also adequate, but do not take at the same serving time as calcium supplements.

Strontium Cautions

Ensure calcium intake is also adequate. Do not take at the same time as calcium supplements.

Key Ingredient: Strontium citrate

Related Research of Strontium Citate

Strontium Citrate A Bone-Building Supplement

Strontium is a mineral found along with calcium in most foods. Research has long suggested that it may be an essential nutrient required for the normal development, structure, function, and health of the skeletal system. Clinical trials going back into the 1940s have supported this conclusion, but recent studies have provided evidence that it can offer unique nutritional support against loss of bone structure and function.

Human clinical trials support Strontium Citrate’s ability to both support new bone formation and prevent excessive resorption.

Recent large-scale, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials using the ranelic acid salt of Strontium have proven that Strontium supplements combined with calcium and vitamin D dramatically build bone mass, reduce the incidence of spinal deformities, and slash hip fracture risk compared to calcium and vitamin D alone.

* In a three-year trial involving 1649 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, women receiving only calcium and vitamin D suffered the loss of 1.3% of their lower spinal BMD, while women also taking Strontium supplements at 680 milligrams per day increased their bone mass by an astounding 14.4% at the spine, and by 8.3% in the large bone at the top of the thigh.

* Women taking Strontium supplements were spared 41% of the new vertebral fractures that befell women taking calcium and vitamin D alone.

A second trial showed that Strontium supplements are just as effective against hip fractures. In this study, 5091 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis received calcium and vitamin D supplements, along with 680 mg of Strontium or a dummy pill. Taking Strontium supplements allowed women to avoid 41% of the hip fractures suffered by women taking only calcium and vitamin D. Although it was a three year study, the benefit began to manifest in just a year and a half.

A third trial shows that Strontium Citrate supplements can also protect the bones of women who do not yet have osteoporosis. In this study, 160 women in early menopause, but without osteoporosis, took either calcium supplements alone, or calcium plus Strontium for two years.

* Women taking calcium alone were subjected to a loss of 0.5% of their lumbar bone mass per year, but women taking calcium plus Strontium (340 milligrams daily) experienced a 0.66% gain annually. The net benefit to Strontium users was 2.46% more lumbar bone mass by the end of the trial. Lower doses (42.5 or 170 milligrams of elemental Strontium) were not effective.

* Likewise, women adding Strontium to their supplement regimen experienced gains of 2.46% in bone mass at the neck of the femur, and 3.21% in the hip as a whole, compared to women taking calcium alone.

* Strontium users’ lab tests revealed significant increases in markers of bone formation, with no change in markers of bone resorption.

Unlike the range of side-effects that accompany antiresorptive drugs, no clinical side-effects have ever been reported that could be clearly attributed to Strontium.

Calcium and Strontium: Don’t Combine

Take your Strontium either three hours after your last meal of the day, or one hour before breakfast in the morning, or both. Because studies suggest that one last dose of calcium just before retiring can help prevent excessive resorption of bone overnight, it may be best to take all of your Strontium before breakfast, leaving you free to take a calcium supplement just before you go to bed.

References

* Shorr E, Carter AC. The usefulness of strontium as an adjuvant to calcium in the remineralization of the skeleton in man. Bull Hosp Joint Dis. 1952 Apr; 13(1): 59-66.

* McCaslin FE Jr, Janes JM. The effect of strontium lactate in the treatment of osteoporosis. Proc Staff Meetings Mayo Clin. 1959; 34(13): 329-34.

* Marie PJ, Skoryna SC, Pivon RJ Chabot G, Glorieux FH, Stara JF. Histomorphometry of bone changes in stable strontium therapy. Trace Subst Env Health. 1985; 19: 193-208.

* Reginster J-Y, Sawicki A, Devogelaer JP, Padrino JM, Kaufma JM, Doyle DV, Fardellone P, Graham J, Felsenberg D, Tulassay Z, Soren-Sen OH, Luisetto G, Rizzoli R, Blotman F, Phenekos C, Meunier PJ. Strontium ranelate reduces the risk of hip fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2002 Nov;13 (Suppl 3): S14(AbsO14).

* Meunier PJ, Roux C, Seeman E, Ortolani S, Badurski JE, Spector TD, Cannata J, Balogh A, Lemmel EM, Pors-Nielsen S, Rizzoli R, Genant HK, Reginster JY. The effects of strontium ranelate on the risk of vertebral fracture in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 29;350(5):459-68.

* Marie PJ, Ammann P, Boivin G, Rey C. Mechanisms of action and therapeutic potential of strontium in bone. Calcif Tissue Int. 2001 Sep; 69 (3): 121-9.

  • Reginster JY, Deroisy R, Dougados M, Jupsin I, Colette J, Roux C. Prevention of early postmenopausal bone loss by strontium ranelate: the randomized, two-year, double-masked, dose-ranging, placebo-controlled PREVOS Trial. Osteoporos Int. 2002 Dec; 13 (12): 925-31.

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According to the National Osteoporosis Society, the UK’s leading osteoporosis charity, one in three women and one in 12 men over the age of 50 will develop this debilitating condition 1.

Osteoporosis is a disease which causes your bones – particularly those of the wrist, hip and spine – to become increasingly fragile and more likely to break. Most sufferers are unaware they have a problem until they experience an unexpected fracture caused by a minor fall. This is why osteoporosis is often referred to as the “silent disease”.

Fortunately there are simple steps you can take to prevent the condition. These include eating a balanced diet that’s rich in calcium (present in milk and dairy products), magnesium (high amounts of this mineral are found in whole grains, nuts and beans) and vitamin D (found in oily fish, egg yolk, liver and butter); avoiding cigarettes, excess sugar and alcohol; and doing regular weight-bearing exercises such as walking.

A further way to prevent – and even reverse – osteoporosis is with a new product called Reosto. Despite being new to the UK it is based on an Ayurvedic (ancient Indian medicine) formula that has been scientifically proven to help in the fight against osteoporosis. It is made up of five Indian herbs: Sida cordifolia, Withania somnifera, Terminalia arjuna, Commiphora wightii and Vanda roxburghii; and two naturally occurring minerals – Kukkutandatvak bhasma and Godanti bhasma.

Are your bones vulnerable to this “silent disease”?

Common risk factors for osteoporosis include gender (women have a higher incidence as they have less bone tissue), age (your risk increases with age), family history (susceptibility may be, in part, hereditary) and bone structure (small-boned and thin women are at greater risk).

The likelihood of developing the disease also increases during and after the menopause due to reduced levels of the hormones oestrogen and progesterone – both of which help maintain bone mineral density.

Oestrogen suppresses osteoclast activity – bone cells that break down bone tissue – while progesterone stimulates the activity of osteoblasts – bone cells that promote the formation of new bone. Therefore when oestrogen levels decline the rate at which calcium is lost from your body is increased.

While some women rely on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to prevent osteoporosis – it’s been shown to reduce the incidence of fractures in post-menopausal women – well-documented studies have now linked its use to an increased risk of breast cancer, thrombo-embolism (blood clots) and high blood pressure.

This makes finding safe, natural alternatives like Reosto so important in the fight against the disease. Preliminary studies carried out so far have shown that it has exciting potential both as a preventative and treatment for osteoporosis.

Reosto boosts your calcium levels and helps prevent bone loss

According to a pilot study involving 40 post-menopausal women, Reosto helps prevent and even reverse bone loss. Before the trial the women were given a detailed examination and serum calcium levels and bone mineral density were measured. The patients’ bone loss ranged from 5% to 57%.

All the women took Reosto twice a day for six months. Following a re-examination, serum calcium levels were found to have increased and total bone loss was reduced. Common symptoms of osteoporosis such as backache and leg pain were also reduced 2.

As this was a short-term study on a small population group, a further study involving a larger number of women is now planned, and HSI promises to keep you fully updated on the findings as soon as they become available.

Dual action makes Reosto even more effective at maintaining bone health

Reosto appears to work by addressing two of the main factors associated with bone maintenance – the intake of sufficient calcium and appropriate hormone balance.

Two of the compounds contained in the formula are rich sources of natural calcium that are present in the correct levels for the management of osteoporosis. Kukkutandatvak bhasma is based on calcium from hens’ eggshells and Godanti bhasma (calcium carbonate) is a main component of seashells 3, 4.

Two of the herbs contained in the formula, country mallow (Sida cordifolia) and winter cherry (Withania somnifera), contain phyto-oestrogens – hormone-like substances that are similar in structure to oestrogens found in the human body and which provide mild oestrogenic activity. Recent studies carried out to assess the effects of phyto-oestrogens in post-menopausal women showed a significant increase in the bone mineral density of their spines 5.

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Studies have also revealed that phyto-oestrogens are able to stimulate osteoblast formation (bone-promoting cells) and suppress osteoclast formation (bone breakdown cells) 6. Phyto-oestrogens also appear to slow mineral loss from bones and stimulate collagen synthesis – a protein present in bone tissue 7.

Reosto provides additional health benefits for post-menopausal women

The remaining three herbs in Reosto have bone-protective benefits too. Terminalia arjuna has been used extensively for the treatment of osteoporosis and other bone-related disorders, as it improves the synthesis and secretion of female hormones 8.

Commiphora wightii helps in remineralisation of the bones especially in old age, and Vanda roxburghii has been included in the preparation because of its anti-inflammatory properties, which appear to contribute to pain control in people suffering from osteoporosis 9, 10.

Dr Amitha Rudraraju, an Ayurvedic consultant working at the Shymala Ayurvedic clinic in Holland Park, London, uses Reosto regularly in her practice. She says: “Reosto is the only alternative herbal calcium supplement available which definitely increases bone mineral density in post-menopausal women. It not only helps in remineralisation of the bones but also treats other concerns of post-menopausal women such as muscle pain, general debility, reduced libido, nervous exhaustion and emotional instability.”

What to take for best results

The recommended dosage for Reosto is one to two tablets a day. Studies show that Reosto does not cause any side effects when taken at this dose.

1. National Osteoporosis Society: http://www.nos.org.uk

2. Orthopaedics Today 2002;4:241-244

3. Anonymous. Ayurveda Sara Samgraha, Shree Baidyanath Ayurved Bhavan Ltd. Nagpur, 1996

4. Materia Medica 1996;2:1963

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A new study suggests that calcium from food sources may be more effective than calcium from supplements. It found that women who get most of their daily calcium from food sources have healthier bones and greater bone density, even though those who took more supplements tended to have higher average levels of calcium.

Researchers asked 183 postmenopausal women to document their diet over the course of a week, after which their bone mineral density and estrogen were tested. Women who got at least 70 percent of their daily calcium from food sources instead of supplements took in the least calcium (830 milligrams per day, on average), but higher spine and hip bone density than women consuming 1,030 milligrams of calcium per day primarily from supplement sources.

Women who got calcium in relatively even amounts from both food and supplemental sources had both the highest bone mineral density and the highest calcium intake (1,620 milligrams per day).

Calcium from dietary sources is usually more completely absorbed than calcium from supplements, which could explain the difference. Women who got getting calcium from foods also had higher estrogen levels; estrogen is needed to maintain bone mineral density. The connection between dietary calcium and estrogen is as yet unknown, although it could be the result of eating plant sources containing the hormone.

Those who got calcium from food sources might have also taken in more vitamin D, which would aid in calcium absorption.

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition May 2007, Vol. 85, No. 5, 1428-1433

Yahoo News June 27, 2007

This study bears out what common sense would tell you: getting calcium from food is far better than getting it from a pill. But for many of us common sense is not very common and we seek to maximize our convenience and swallow our vitamins and minerals conveniently rather than focus on receiving them from high quality supplements.

Ah, if life were just that easy that simply swallowing a few pills would solve our nutritional needs. While supplements of course can be useful, they should be viewed just as that, supplements to a high quality diet that is used in addition to not in place of a high quality diet.

As often happens when it comes to food, quality is more important than quantity; even though the women taking supplements had higher average levels of calcium, the women who got their calcium from food had stronger bones. Calcium from food is simply better absorbed and utilized by your body than synthetic calcium from a pill.

The best food source of calcium out there is that from raw milk (NOT conventional, pasteurized milk) and other raw dairy products. Dark green, leafy vegetables is another great source of calcium. Of course, it’s not just calcium that you’re better off getting from whole foods, it’s all nutrients. Your best choice is always to favor getting nutrients the way nature intended.

Vitamin D is also important for calcium absorption, so along with your raw milk and vegetables, make sure that you are getting plenty of safe sun exposure this summer. Because of this, adequate vitamin D levels help to prevent osteoporosis and hip fractures.

You should also remember that, just as exercise and diet work in tandem to beat obesity, the same can be said for osteoporosis. Strengthening bone mass, especially during puberty, can build a good foundation that can last a lifetime. In fact, there is a stronger connection between exercise and improved bone density among teens than taking calcium.Finally, make sure your diet contains healthy levels of omega-3 fats, which are the stealth dietary weapon in preserving your bone density. Even many nutritionists are not aware of the important relationship between healthy bones and optimal fat intake.

 

Related Articles:

Calcium May Help Those Trying To Lose Weight

Low-Fat, High-Fiber Diet May Lower Calcium Absorption

Calcium Supplements Not Equally Effective

5. Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 1998;83:2223-35

6. Int J Mol Med 2000;5:261-7

7. Calcif Tissue Int 1994;54:377-80

8. Indian Materia Medica, 1996;2:1198

9. Indian Materia Medica, 1996;1:167

10.      Ind. J. Med. Res., 1961;49:799

11.      ****************************************

12.      Mainstream MD:

Cosman: In your case, I would want to make sure that there were no underlying causes of osteoporosis. I would check my thyroid, parathyroid, and exclude certain diseases such as celiac sprue. In terms of treatment, assuming there is no underlying disease, Fosamax is currently the most potent medication available. It usually does give a moderate increase in bone mass, but not in all individuals. Hormones and Actonel also produce moderate increases in bone mass, and smaller increases can be seen with Evista and Miacalcim. A new medication called Forteo is expected to come out on market in the next few months. It’s a true bone-building agent, and is an important medication to consider in a person with such severe osteoporosis. Check the NOF web site to get more information.

You could try Evista, the designer

estrogen.  Evista reduces, rather than increases, breast cancer risk.  Actonel and

Fosamax are very effective in increasing bone mass and reducing fractures. Forteo

is new and very effective and potent. It would be a good consideration for you.

You need to make sure you have a high calcium and vitamin D intake.  See a

specialist to see that there are no underlying diseases contributing to the loss

of bone mass.

Slim:  If you have osteoporosis, are there natural medications you can take?

Felicia Cosman M.D.:  If you truly have osteoporosis, I don’t think you should

rely on natural things except estrogen.  Estrogen should not be taken for more

than 5 years, and many women aren’t candidates for estrogen.  If you actually

have osteoporosis, I wouldn’t count on naturals to help with it.

Because the ability of your body to absorb is lessened

if you take more than 500 mg at a time.  If you take 1,500 all at once, your

body can’t use it as well as if it’s spaced out through the day.

Dearest:  I take 400 IU’s of vitamin D with only my morning dose of calcium

because my understanding is that vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium more

effectively. You say it’s not essential that all of us take vitamin D — that

most of us make Vitamin D through our skin upon minimal exposure to sunlight.

Can you elaborate?

Felicia Cosman M.D.:  For younger individuals, we don’t recommend additional

Vitamin D. When women get to menopause, a multi-vitamin is good for many reasons.

For some people with some diseases and the elderly, it might be necessary to take

more Vitamin D.  People on steroids need more vitamin D.

It’s true that when the skin is exposed to sunlight it can make Vitamin D from a

precursor. With sunscreen, and hats and clothing, our ability to make Vitamin D

is reduced. This makes it more important to take a good multi-vitamin.

What other diseases can contribute to loss of bone mass?

Felicia Cosman M.D.:  A variety of hormone problems such as thyroid disease,

parathyroid disease and Cushing’s Disease, as well as rheumatoid arthritis,

autominume diseases, Crohn’s, seizure disorders and some bowel diseases.

Kataneena:  Is there a difference between bone density and bone architecture,

and can one have low density and never get a fracture?

Felicia Cosman M.D.:  Yes.  Another very good question.  There is definitely

a difference.  Bone density is the amount of bone.  Bone architecture cannot

be measured without a bone biopsy, which is only scientific at this time.

It is definitely possible to maintain a better bone architecture, if you

haven’t suffered from a lot of bone loss.  Many people have low bone density

and never have fractures because the bone architecture is so good.

Osteoporosis: Latest findings and important facts

28 million Americans are at risk for osteoporosis and cost this country $13 billion in health care annually. Those are painfully large numbers. And while much press has been given to the high incidence of this disease in post-menopausal women, research indicates that at least 30% of men suffer hip fractures due to osteoporosis.

Consuming plenty of calcium (at least 1000 milligrams per day) combined with Vitamin D is a key preventive measure-and diet is the best way to go. Ninety-nine percent of the calcium we eat goes straight for our bones. Low calcium, of course, is not the only risk factor for osteoporosis, but it is one of the few we can control.

According to Suzanne Murphy, a nutrition scientist at UC Berkeley, the best source of calcium is a healthy diet. “Supplement pills are a last resort. Taking too much calcium in supplement form can be unpleasant or even dangerous, leading to nausea, gas or even kidney damage,” says Murphy. She further recommends whole food nutrition because “calcium-rich foods taste great and help in preventing and reversing heart disease, cancer and dementia as well.” Another good reason to get your calcium from food rather than supplements is a decreased risk for kidney stones.

What tops the list of bone-building nutrition sources? Dairy products top the list, as you know, but leafy greens are a calcium-rich food source that is lower in fat and calories. Collards, kale, dandelion, turnip greens and Bok Choy are great additions to whole juice drinks, soups and salads. If these vegetables sound unfamiliar and you are hesitant to try them, take baby steps. The Vita-Mix machine makes it easy to start adding them to your whole food meals a little at a time. Another bone-building food source is whole grains like brown rice, millet, barley, buckwheat, quinoa and spelt. The Vita-Mix Super 5000 comes with some great recipes using whole grains-and these grains are great for adding to leafy green side dishes double-duty calcium and crunchy texture.

Nutrition researchers at Washington University in St. Louis found that calcium was more easily absorbed when eaten along with foods high in lysine. That’s a good reason to include poultry, fish, legumes and nuts with your grains and greens. In the study, 800 milligrams of lysine was consumed each day.

Other recent research at the USDA has discovered the trace mineral boron to be beneficial in preventing calcium and magnesium loss. Boron helps the body synthesize both estrogen and Vitamin D, so this is especially good news for people of any age who want to prevent osteoporosis, arthritis and other bone-weakening conditions. Magnesium, a mineral that aids in calcium absorption, is also important for building bone density. Whole grains are a great source of magnesium.

If you choose to include dairy in your diet, pairing dairy products with other foods containing calcium like broccoli, brown rice and kale can actually be a bone-building bonanza.

Kale and Pear Smoothie

Kale and Pear Smoothie             Kale may not be the first thing you think of when making a smoothie, but it’s definitely one of the best. Dark leafy greens like kale are packed with calcium in a form that is easier for the body to absorb than the calcium found in milk. And that’s just the beginning. Kale is also one of the few plants that contain iron. The phytonutrient bonus with kale is that is also includes the vitamin C needed to improve the absorption of nonheme iron. Although somewhat strong in taste, the four fruits found in this smoothie combine for a unique flavor and the Vita-Mix machine blends everything to a smooth, creamy consistency.

* 1 cup green grapes

* 1 orange, peeled

* ½ Bartlett pear

* 1 banana, fresh or frozen

* 1 cup kale

* ½ cup water

* 2 cups ice

Directions

Place all ingredients into container and secure the lid. Select variable speed #1. Turn on machine and quickly increase speed to #10, then to High for 1 ½ minutes. Turn machine off. Serve immediately.

13.

Merck, maker of osteoporosis drug Fosamax, may have “seriously under reported” the risks of “jawbone death” related to the drug, according to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. A class-action lawsuit has been filed claiming that Merck knew about the risk of jawbone death but hid it from the public.

“Jawbone death” is associated with the use of a bisphosphonate class of drugs (to which Fosamax belongs).  Also known as Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BRONJ), is a serious side effect that destroys the bone in the jaw, and is difficult to treat.

BRONJ was reported by oral surgeons, who noticed the condition among patients treated with intravenous forms of bisphosphonates in 2003. A broader warning of BRONJ was issued for the entire class of drugs in 2005.

Fosamax is prescribed to about 10 million men and women — mostly postmenopausal women — each year to help increase bone density, with annual sales of $3 billion. Over 190 million prescriptions for oral bisphosphonate drugs have been dispensed worldwide.

LawyersAndSettlements.com July 19, 2007

BRONJ is becoming so common, as are prescriptions for Fosamax, that dentists are now referring to it as “Fossy Jaw.” Essentially, the condition causes your jaw bone to rot and decay — quite ironic considering the drugs are primarily taken by people looking to strengthen their bones.

Bisphosphonate drugs like Fosamax and Boniva, are problematic because they stay in the bone indefinitely and may upset the cell balance, disrupting the process by which jaws regenerate and remove unhealthy bone.

It’s not surprising that Merck may have known about the risks of Fosamax and intentionally tried to keep them under wraps; they did the same thing with their tragically dangerous painkiller Vioxx.

I warned about the dangers of Fosamax nearly a decade ago, and it still makes no sense to take an osteoporosis drug that can literally kill your jawbone.

What can you do to strengthen your bones safely and naturally?

*            Maintain a healthy balance between omega-6 and omega-3 fats in your diet

*            Eat according to your nutritional type. This will ensure that you’re getting enough nutrients for your bones, and will correct your omega-6 to omega-3 ratio.

*            Consider supplementing with vitamin K, if you are not getting enough from food alone. Vitamin K serves as the biological “glue” that helps plug the calcium into the bone matrix.

*            Get enough vitamin D, ideally from proper amounts of sun exposure. Vitamin D builds your bone density by helping your body absorb calcium.

*            Exercise. Studies show that exercise is just as important to your bone health as eating a calcium-rich diet.

 

Related Articles:

Fosamax Type Osteoporosis Drugs Noted to Cause Serious Eye Problems

The Smelly Remedy for Bone Loss & Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

For osteoporosis I take a vitamin called “Levity” which just has basic things like D, B complex, folic acid and selenium.  I discovered it through a book called “When Your Body Gets the Blues,” written by two women scientists from Washington State. You can find more info on the book and the vitamins at:

http://www.geneva-health.com/   http://www.thebodyblues.com/

Also, I found a good site for women’s health called Women to Women.  The article Dolores was talking about is about osteoporosis and Fosamax and is at this link:

http://www.womentowomen.com/bonehealth/osteoporosis.asp

Take care

http://www.thebodyblues.com/

Andrew Weil, M.D. Login | Not a member yet? Sign up now!

I’m post menopausal and have decreased bone density. I want to avoid medication. I have been stable for a # of years but wish to INCREASE bone density-especially in hip. Does anyone have any experiance of success and if so, what was it!! I’m thinking particularly of specific further increased exercise . (I’m doing the usual calcium, vit D, regular exercise, lots of greens etc)

I increased bone density eating 100 gms of prunes a day (4 at breakfast/4 at lunch,4 at dinner) following an experimental study at  U of Florida I found on the internet a few years ago. The DEXA increase wasn’t large: L4 now 1.345 UP from -0.4 and my femur-neck went from -1.8 UP to -1.5 after 1 year, but at least it went in the right direction. As I am 80 years old,  these scores are meaningful. Haven’t been measured lately, but feel confident now.

Since then —I  continued the prunes another year as the ones here in Europe are preserved without chemicals and are delicious, but  have cut the number down to 6 a day for digestive  reasons— I’ve changed to daily, early morning Strontium Citrate (1/2 dose, I am fragile with supplements) plus  a low dose, alkalai booster of sodium citrate and potassium citrate —the citrate supposedly metabolizes to bi-carbonates that build bone.

As well, have raised my body PH  from  acidic to normal range.

Like you I follow the Vit D3 and calcium requirements, and have run for 1/2 hour 2x per week over the past 20 years (we ride bikes here, not much walking),  lift weights once or twice a week and do a weekly (classic) Pilates class.

Your instincts are correct: Dr. Weil does say

* Increase weight-bearing activities, such as walking, weight training and calisthenics. Try to do at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.

One really simple way to increase bone density in the hips and legs is an “exercise” called unipedal standing. A study recently conducted in Japan revealed that standing on one leg for one minute (like a flamingo), three times a day, alternating legs (so three minutes total on each leg) significantly improved bone density in women in their 60s-70s. The study said that standing on one leg for one minute was equivalent in improving bone density as walking for almost one hour. It also reduced the frequency of falls in the women studied, thus reducing the risk of fractures from falls. If you have trouble balancing on one leg, you can lightly hold on to something for support–just be sure to keep your weight on your standing leg.

You may also talk to your health care practitioner about adding a vitamin K supplement to your routine.

I’d add some magesium citrate: the ration of Ca to MG should be 2:1.

And make sure that you are also taking a multi-mineral that has boron; important for post menopausal women.

And try taking 800 IU -1500 of Vitamin D

Greens are a great source to build strong bones but also beans, seaweeds, almonds help your bones.

http://www.raysahelian.com/   for a pretty complete look—pros and cons, especially the emails attached at the bottom of the citation

this site has very cutting-edge products and info

http://relentlessimprovement.com/

and this one just got some kind of award for its strontium product

http://www.betterhealthinternational.com/

http://www.osteopenia3.com/strontium.html

Ignore User / Report Message             Reply

Many professionals within the natural products industry feel that a more appropriate ratio for calcium and magnesium is actually a 1:1.  Magnesium will prevent calcification of tissue.  Plus, if we get too much calcium but not enough magnesium, magnesium may leach from the tissues.   D3 intake should be substantial (check out  Dr. John Cannell’s info at http://www.vitaimndcouncil.org).  But it is absolutely crucial to include vitamin K2 in the MK-7 form.  K2 determines WHERE calcium will deposit.  This is a huge missing link in our nutritional profile.  Bone density, artery health, brain health, it’s all part of it.  Until we value the role of nutrient synergy and understand that no nutrient works in isolation, we will continue to battle these diseases.

In yoga, this “exercise” is a posture called “tree pose;”  the posture is usually held on each side for approximately 60 seconds.

So you are correct Bet, exercise is an excellent way to increase bone density without drugs.  I am a yoga teacher and was just talking to a woman yesterday who was diagnosed with early symptoms of osteoperosis and began a yoga practice as well as pilates.  Two years after beginning her practice, her symptoms have been completely erased.

I am constantly surprised that doctors and practitioners, including Dr. Weil, ignore one natural over-the-counter substance that actually DOES promote osteoblast (bone building) activity.  It forms living bone, unlike the brittle, dead matrix formed by bisphosphonates like Fosamax, where bone fracture is more likely.

Calcium hydroxyapatite (MCHC).  When my 86-year-old osteoporotic mom took MCHC it actually improved the bone density in her hip, and stopped further bone loss elsewhere as shown in subsequent bone density tests.

You can buy it in any reputable vitamin shop.  And good for you … running at age 80!  And judging from your post are sharp as a tack, just like my mom was until age 92.

 

Russian Youth

 

Hilary Anne Pilkington, Elena Omel’chenko, Mona Flynn, and Uliana Bliudina. Looking West? Cultural Globalization and Russian Youth Culture. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.

 

A Russian young male from Ul’ianovsk reported, “Young people in the West do not differ from those in Moscow, only from provincial [young people].”

 

In interviews and surveys of Russian youth in three cities in the late 1990s, a group of researchers found two main categories. Tthe conventional  “normals” don’t have a subculture identity (like punk or metal) and don’t want to stand out in their style. Their focus is local, gathering with friends in a familiar territory near home or school, with drinking alcohol and smoking marijuana is common—they prided themselves on being more able to drink than Westerners. They represent most of the provincial youth. Consumerism may not be impactful when there is no money to buy western goods. A second group of the normals is called the new Russians who are conscious spenders of their money. The conventional yout complained more often than the progressives that their time was consumed by school work and organized sports and clubs.

The “progressives” or alternative youth groups identify themselves as westward looking, seeking new information, identifying themselves by subculture style and music. They are found in big cities like Moscow where they feel part of the nightclub scene and global information worlds. Reading is their third most popular pastime, and youth are the largest group of Internet users. Youth magazines feature news about music, film (including information about the private lives of movie stars) and fashion, including American and British influences and phrases. Although youth were attracted to Western music, films, MTV, fashion and the rule of law, they considered America superficial and unintellectual in contrast to Russian depth and soulfulness. While the West is individualistic and fun, but don’t even know their neighbors, Russians are communal. “Everything here is always shared, people are always trying to come together, we celebrate all our holidays together, and everyone tries to pull together all of the time,” according to a student from Ul’ianovsk. P. 83 Current photos of young Moscovites are available online.[i]

 

 

Thinking about globalization, some fear it will lead to a homogenized world dominated by American popular culture and consumerism—the “global imagination industries,” with a dominant core joined by Europe and Japan. Western modernizing missionaries are hard at work in every country, showing the local authorities and intellectuals how to eradiate traditional Eastern mentality…” [ii] France responded by requiring media to include a percentage of French music. Advertisers aim to win over a global youth market. Others view an interaction going both ways leading to hybridization with cultural exchanges.

 

Jacques Lacan suggested that in modern times the unconscious mind is shaped by media. http://csmt.uchicago.edu/glossary2004


[i] Photos 2009 Moscow celebration of “Day of the City” http://community.livejournal.com/russiamagazine/18952.html#cutid1

[ii] Panarin, 19998, p. 65 in Hilary Anne Pilkington, Elena Omel’chenko, Mona Flynn, and Uliana Bliudina. Looking West? Cultural Globalization and Russian Youth Culture. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002, p. 13.

 

 

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