Just another WordPress.com site

Archive for November, 2010

Healthy Weight

Ann reports to us how she was able to loose weight and deal with unhealthy food cravings:

Desperation and joining FAA (www.foodaddictsanonymous.org), one meeting a week. They give support for eliminating cravings for junk food through using a super healthy food plan with plenty of food to eat. This is different from the scary restrictive punishing group I was attending.

Food Safety

 

Q: I’m reading about additives, hormones, chemicals, and toxins in our food. How can I know what is healthy for my family?

A: Dr. Francesca Grifo (the Union of Concerned Scientists) recommends buying from small, local, organic food producers and doing research—i.e., I found http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org. I asked Jeanette McNelis to report on her research on food safety:

Consumers need to start reading the ingredients on their purchases. Genetically engineered seeds (corn, soy, canola, cotton, etc.), owned by large pesticide companies, have made their way, unlabeled (except for Europe), into the majority of our food supply. Check out the following sources:

*The author of Seeds of Deception, Jeffrey Smith is the world’s leading consumer advocate. He gives us four suggestions: Buy organic/local. Look for Non-GMO verified seals. Avoid risky ingredients (invisible GM ingredients such as fructose, dextrose, glucose, Nutra-sweet, Equal) http://www.responsibletechnology.org/ Check out the GMO shopping guide.

*John Robbins, award-winning author (Diet For a New America & Food Revolution), wrote an article worth reading: “Is Your Favorite Ice Cream Made With Artificial Hormones?” (http://www.johnrobbins.info/)

*Check Dr. Mercola’s web site for interesting articles on GMO food products and healthy living. (http://www.mercola.com/)

*www.organicconsumers.org also aims to educate the food consumer with many articles. Do your family a favor by knowing what you are eating and by making healthy choices.

Why Aid Doesn’t Work, according to Prof. William Easterly

 

William Easterly. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much ill and So Little Good. Penguin Books, 2006.

An Economics Professor, who formerly worked for the World Bank, William Easterly reports that the West has spent $2.3 trillion on foreign aid over the last five decades without much to show for it–in what he calls the Rest. For example, donors haven’t gotten the 12-cent medicine to children that could prevent half of the deaths from malaria. Free bed nets to prevent mosquito bites often end up in the black market or are used as fishing nets. Nets are more likely to be used if people want them and pay for them. Donors spent two billion dollars in Tanzania the last two decades building roads, without improving the roads. [i]About three billion people still live on less than two dollars a day.

The problem is the Planners think in terms of big bureaucratic plans, like the UN’s Millennium Development Goals for 2015 or Professor Jeffrey Sachs’ plan with 449 interventions. The UN, the World Bank, and IMF advocate a big plan explained in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. They generate utopian reports and conferences without knowing what the poor really can use on the local level. The lack feedback is one of the most critical flaws in aid programs. They consistently work top-down through governments even if they’re corrupt: The world’s 25 most corrupt countries received $9.4 billion in foreign aid in 2002. [ii] Many agencies overwhelm governments with paperwork. Simplistic big plans always fail because poverty is complex. For example, trying to impose a system like a free market from outside doesn’t work, as Russia shows, where per capita income is below the Soviet peak.

Myths around aid programs are that they pull nations out of poverty with a Big Push, but successful countries did it on their own like China, Taiwan, South Korea and Singapore. Countries with below-average aid had the same growth rate as countries with above-average foreign aid, 1950-2001.[iii] Heavy World Bank and IMF involvement isn’t associated with national stability.[iv]

In contrast, Easterly calls the effective helpers the Searchers. They think local not global, and specific, not general or simplistic. Searchers get feedback and evaluations from those they serve and are accountable for their expenditures. They don’t try to change governments. Specific agencies should be heelpd responsible for a particular issue

 


[i] William Easterly. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much ill and So Little Good. Penguin Books, 2006, p. 165.

[ii] Ibid, P. 133

[iii] William Easterly. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much ill and So Little Good. Penguin Books, 2006, p. 39.

 

Indoor smoke from cooking kills around 1.8 million people a year. P. 109

Deworming medication decreased school absenteeism by one quarter in the Busia district, Kenya. P. 54

Food For Education programs pay families to keep kids in school and get health checkups in Bangladesh

 

In Bangladesh, a doctor set up the “People’s Health Center,” where teenage girls are trained to provide health care and refer emergenies to the hospital he built. The poor pay small fees for the services, which means they complain if they don’t get good care.

[iv] William Easterly. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much ill and So Little Good. Penguin Books, 2006, p. 67.

Global Status of Women & Youth Power Point

global status

2010 UN Human Development Report

The Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) reviewed data from 135 countries with 92% of the world’s population. Instead of just looking at national income, the concept of a Human Development Index (HDI) was conceived by Pakistani Mahbu ul-Haq to measure life expectancy and literacy as well. It requires a radical rethinking of the belief that people care only about consumption. Part of human development is having a voice in planning; formal democracies have increased from less than a third of countries in 1970 to three-fifths in 2008.[i]

Researchers found uneven progress since the first HDI in 1990, with girls and women facing discrimination and of course extreme poverty in South Asia where half of the world’s poor live, and Sub-Saharan Africa, where 28% live. Foreign aid averages 44% of African government budgets.[ii] The former Soviet Union also lags behind in longevity of its people and inequality has increased. The financial crises of 2008 caused 64 million more people to fall below the $1.25 a day income poverty level, leading to rising income disparities.

On the bright side, the global life expectancy average climbed (1970 to 2010) from age 59 to 70 and school enrollment from 55% to 70%. The fastest progress was in East Asia–China, Indonesia, and South Korea, but the gap between developed and developing nations and men and women still exists. Rapid economic growth does not necessarily bring development of health care, education, employment, and recognition of human rights, although the top 10 countries on the HDI rankings are rich nations (Norway, Australia, New Zealand, the US, Ireland, Lichtenstein, the Netherlands, Canada, Sweden and Germany). These are also the most gender-equal countries, with the Netherlands at the top followed by Denmark, Sweden and Switzerland.

The bottom HDI rankings are all African countries, but development can occur in low-income countries like Ethiopia, Cuba and Costa Rica because of low-cost innovations in health care and education. It depends on local cultures and progress is possible with resources most countries already have.[iii] The authors of the study were surprised by the “weak relationship between economic growth and improvements in health and education.”[iv] China, for example, ranks first in economic growth since reforms in the late 1970s, but public social services deteriorated or disappeared. Income inequalities increased and pollution is a widespread hazard. China is working to correct these problems in its current five-year plan. What counts is “putting equity and poverty at the forefront of policy” and adapting it to local conditions, as policies that work in one place may not fit in another.[v]

The greatest challenge to more progress in human development is environmental problems created by production and consumption patterns, by greenhouse gas emissions. Most developing countries struggle with the high costs and low availability of clean energy.[vi] Climate change may reduce grain yields, raising prices, leaving more people malnourished. They will have to cope with most of the world’s population growth, expected to reach 9 billion by 2050.


[i] Human Development Report 2010: The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, United Nations Development Programme, p. 8.

http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2010/chapters/en/

[ii] Ibid, p. 111.

[iii] Ibid., p. 11.

[iv] Ibid, p. 2.

[v] Ibid., p. 11.

[vi] Ibid., p. 9.

Women Internationally Overview, 2007

 

Women Internationally

 

Gloria Steinem came to Chico years ago and said the status of women is lurching around between the Middle Ages and the 21st Century. That’s still true. The UN Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of women (INSTRAW) concluded that the greatest problem affecting women is invisibility.

When I attended the UN Status of Women conference in Copenhagen in 1980, I was surprised to see that men were most of the official delegates. Five years later in Nairobi, that changed. Policy makers used to think problems like female circumcision and early marriage were social customs, but now it’s understood they’re civil rights abuses.

Greater awareness of discrimination results in activism regarding equality in the household, work and government. More girls have access to school, women are entering the paid workforce, and more women are political leaders. . In 2006, 14 women were heads of government, unheard of less than 50 years ago. Goals were spelled out at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000. The Internet spreads this information rapidly and globally

The two fundamental issues are the destruction of the planet and the huge divide between the developing and developing nations. Following are the facts I’ve cut and pasted from the Internet and also some model solutions. Perhaps the underlying principle is what Carl Jung pointed out, about the need for the resurgence of the feminine Eros principle in a lopsided patriarchy. Protestantism is the only religion I know of where there are no female symbols of divinity. The warrior god of vengeance and dominance needs to be replaced. Keep in mind the US spends almost as much on the military as all other nations combined and sells more weapons. Our per capita military expenses are exceeded only by Israel and Singapore, while millions of children are hungry.

 

Poverty

Over 1 billion people live on less than $1 a day with nearly half the world’s population (2.8 billion) living on less than $2 a day. (UN HDR, 2003) Of the 1.2 billion people surviving on less than $1 a day, 70% are women. Poverty means having to walk more than one mile everyday simply to collect water and firewood; it means suffering diseases that were eradicated from rich countries decades ago. Every year eleven million children die–most under the age of five and more than six million from preventable causes like malaria, diarrhea and pneumonia.

 

800 million people go to bed hungry every day. (Source:FAO) 300 million are children. More than 90 percent are suffering long-term malnourishment. Every 3.6 seconds another person dies of starvation and the large majority are children under the age of 5.

 

The three richest men in the world control more wealth than all 600 million people living in the world’s poorest countries. (Source:ChristianAid)

 

Women are 70% of the world’s 1.3 billion poor people. Women hold only 14% of the world’s managerial and administrative jobs.

 

Women and children are 80% of refugee populations.

 

Women work two-thirds of the world’s working hours, produce half of the world’s food, and yet earn only 10% of the world’s income and own less than 1% of the world’s property. (Source :World Development Indicators, 1997, Womankind Worldwide) Women head one-third of families in the world.

 

Women work longer hours (an average of 12% more time) than men in all countries except Peru, when paid work and household work are combined. In both developed and developing nations, women work 35 hours more than men each week.

 

600 million children live in absolute poverty. (SCF, Beat Poverty 2003).

Half the world’s jobless are 15 to 24-years-old.

 

Kofi Aman, former UN Secretary General, said since CEDAW (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women) was adopted in 1979, we’ve fallen far short, although no tool for development is more effective than empowerment of women. 184 countries ratified it–with among the highest number of reservations on any UN treaty. The US has not signed on.

 

Health

Demographic and Health Surveys of developing nations found only 10 or 30 countries did 50% or more women participate in all household decisions, including their own health care.

 

Every year six million children die from malnutrition before their fifth birthday.

 

Around 2.5 billion people do not have access to improved sanitation and about 1.2 billion don’t have access to an improved source of water. 2 million children die every year from infections spread by dirty water or the lack of toilets. More than 50 percent of Africans suffer from water-related diseases such as cholera and infant diarrhea.

 

Every day HIV/AIDS kills 6,000 people and another 8,200 people are infected with this deadly virus. The number of women with HIV increased by one-third between 2003 and 2005.  In 2005, about 1.2 million people were HIV-positive. AIDS is the leading cause of death for young African women and African American women. By the end of 2005, 12 million sub-Saharan African children had been orphaned by AIDS.

 

Every 30 seconds an African child dies of malaria-more than one million child deaths a year.

 

More than 2.6 billion people-over 40 per cent of the world’s population-do not have basic sanitation, and more than one billion people still use unsafe sources of drinking water. Four out of every ten people in the world don’t have access even to a simple latrine.

 

Five million people, mostly children, die each year from water-borne diseases.

Four times as many malnourished children are female and their mortality rate is 40% higher.

 

Every minute, a woman somewhere dies in pregnancy or childbirth. This adds up to 1,400 women dying each day–an estimated 529,000 each year-from pregnancy-related causes. Almost half of births in developing countries take place without the help of a skilled birth attendant.

 

Violence

Feticide and infanticide still exist, especially in China and India, leading to more single men than women.

 

Domestic violence is a problem everywhere. Up to 21% of kids are the victims of sexual violence (World Health Organization). Three to four million women are battered each year. About one-third of wives in developing countries are physically abused. . More than 1,000 women are burned in dowry related incidents in one state in India (Gujarat). At least 45 countries have legislation against domestic violence, although implementation can be problematic.

 

Estimates are that over 130 million girls suffered genital mutilation.

Thailand has 200,000–500,000 prostitutes. Forced sterilizations and abortions occur in China. An estimated 1.8 million children are involved in commercial sex work.

 

During armed conflict, rape and sexual assault used as weapons. Women and children are an estimated 80% of civilian casualties.

 

Education

Two-thirds of children denied primary education are girls, and 75% of the world’s 876 million illiterate adults are women. (Source:  AskWoman) 45% of the world’s 771 million illiterate adults live in India and China (34% and 11% respectively).

 

46% of girls in the world’s poorest countries have no access to primary education. (Source:ActionAid) Out of an estimated 137 million illiterate youths, 61% are girls. UNICEF estimates only 43% of girls in the developing countries attend secondary school. Globally 36% of women aged 20-24 were married before age 18.

 

Universal primary education would cost $10 billion a year; half of what Americans spend on ice cream. (Source:ActionAid) School fees need to be eliminated: in 2005 UNICEF and the World Bank began the School Fee Abolition Initiative. School curriculum must include gender equality and discuss sexism.

 

Leadership

The 7 female Presidents are in Chile, Finland, Ireland, Latvia, Liberia, The Philippines and Switzerland. Chilean President Michelle Bachelet’s parents were tortured and imprisoned. “Violence entered my life, destroying what I loved. Because I was a victim of hate, I have dedicated my life to turn that hate into understanding, into tolerance, and why not say it, into love.”

The 6 woman Prime Ministers are in Germany, Jamaica, New Zealand, Mozambique, South Korea and The Netherlands Antilles.

 

Worldwide, fewer than 17% of parliamentarians were women in 2006. Ten countries have no women reps. Nordic countries have the highest, around 40% and the Arab States have the lowest. In 2005, women were only 14% of the ministers and 9% of mayors. 85% of the 20 countries with the most women in parliament use a quota system.

 

After the 2006 election only 17% of Congress is female, though having a woman as Speaker of the House is historic. Many Americans don’t vote; we’re 139th out of 172 nations that hold elections.

 

Activist Models

Women’s Groups

In Mozambique, women’s organizations are fighting the 1997 Land Law that denies them the right to own and sell land, and are working against child marriage.

 

Mother Centres began in Germany in the 1980s and spread (around 750) to other countries to help women organize, including services such as second-hand shops, meals, toy libraries, classes, and job retraining programs. UNICEF helps fund them in Africa for income-generating projects such as gardening, crafts, chickens, and milling machines. With the income, moms pay for school fees, uniforms and shoes for girls and provide interest-free loans to other women.

 

Over 200 women’s organizations met in 1996 met to create the first female dominated political party, the Northern Ireland women’s Coalition.

 

NGOs

Women are 80% of the world’s 70 million micro-borrowers, as in BRAC an NGO in Bangladesh.

 

Men’s Awareness

In Brazil, an NGO, Instituto Promundo’s Program H uses radio announcements, billboards and dances to promote the idea that it’s cool to respect women, avoid violence, and take precautions to avoid HIV. The program spread to other countries, including India.

 

Governments

Supplement quality childcare so parents can work outside the home, as in poor areas of Rio de Janeiro, Russia, and Kenya. In the Netherlands, the Childcare Act puts the responsibility for funding childcare on parents, employers and the government. In Sweden, working families have a right to a year of paid parental leave.

 

Some countries have legislative quotas, as in Iraq and Afghanistan, and Ministries of Women’s Affairs.

 

Over 50 countries have gender-responsive budgets (and some have child budgets) which show how spending benefits women, as in South Africa, Morocco, Rwanda (which also has a Ministry of Gender), and Chile—where gender is one of the areas on which ministries must report.

 

Implement the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. www.millenniumcampaign.org. www.un.org/millenniumgoals

 

Support the UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (1979, described as the international bill of rights for women, the only human rights treaty including gender roles). It requires national reports every four years. This was preceded by the establishment of the Commission on the status on Women in 1946 and the Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women adopted at the Nairobi Conference 1985. The first conference was held in Mexico City in 1975 as part of the International Women’s Year, then Copenhagen in 1980, and Beijing in 1995.

The United Nations platform for action was proposed for three decades in four UN Conferences on Women (Mexico City, Copenhagen, Nairobi, and Beijing). The proposal about girls aimed to eliminate all forms of discrimination against girls, ensure their equal access to education and health care, protect them from violence and economic exploitation (such as prostitution), and ensure that they develop a positive self-image.

 

Circulate more research and data on the status of women and children.

 

Individuals

Give money to UNICEF, Oxfam, etc.

Educate others, lobby government reps.

 

‘Resources

http://www.oxfam.org.au/world/gender/index.html

http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/press/press2.htm

http://www.icrw.org/html/quickfacts/quickfacts.htm

UN Millennium project- work on women

http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/press/press2.htm

Oxfam gender work and statistics

http://www.oxfam.org.au/world/gender/index.html

UNESCO- statistics on women’s progress

http://www.uis.unesco.org/ev.php?ID=6265_201&ID2=DO_TOPIC

http://www.uis.unesco.org/ev.php?ID=6098_201&ID2=DO_TOPIC

Oxfam International, ActonAid International, Education International

www.oxfam.org www.socialwatch.org www.actionaid.org www.whiteband.org

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)

1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW | Suite 302 | Washington, D.C. 20036

Business and Professional Women’s Foundation 101 Facts on the Status of

Working Women

Women’s Action Coalition. WAC Stats: The Facts About Women. NY:  New Press, 1995.

The World’s Women: Trends and Statistics. Bernan, 2000. http://www.bernan.com

From Nora in Africa: As for the status of women, I think it varies by country and region in Africa. When I was in West Africa, women have a very high status in society and within households, such as the Ashanti, who is perhaps the dominant tribe in Ghana and is matrilineal. I was quite taken aback with how strong women were within society there, and found it very refreshing to see women be outspoken leaders. I wouldn’t say that they had equal proportions in top management positions, but I would not say that they were undereducated or had a poor status is society, relative to other developing countries. I met many female doctors, women with master’s degrees, most women I knew had jobs.

 

Here in Tanzania, the culture is almost opposite. Tanzania is much poorer and less educated than Ghana, and culturally, women have a far lower status in society. In TZ, unemployment is 60%, and with many tribes, women are mere possessions to men. A Maasai man can go into another person’s household and have sex with the other man’s wife. Muslim men are allowed to have 4 wives. I think in general, the status of women is improving, but it is nowhere near that of West Africa. In terms of decorum, Tanzanians are very passive people, and women more so than men. There are more women becoming professionals, but at a population level, it is quite small because the populace is so undereducated. I think that because of globalization, and the fact that there are so many people from all over the world who have come here to work, the majority women, it is starting to spill over to the upper eschelons of TZ society. However, the majority of TZ still does not have running water, they do not have electricity, and are uneducated.

Share of female lawmakers hits new global high

Thu Mar 1, 2007 3:20 PM ET

 

 

By Michelle Nichols

 

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – The share of female politicians around the world reached a record of high of almost 17 percent in 2006 — up nearly 6 percentage points during the past decade — a global parliamentary group said on Thursday.

 

The Inter-Parliamentary Union also found women presided over 35 of the world’s 262 parliaments — another record high — with females elected to the position for the first time in Gambia, Israel, Swaziland, Turkmenistan and the United States, where Nancy Pelosi is now House speaker.

 

But the rate of increase in female legislators has slowed, the group said.

 

“The bad news is that the increase in the number of women is slower than it was in the preceding year and if we are aiming for equality in parliament … then we will wait until the year 2077 to celebrate that event,” said Anders Johnsson, the Inter-Parliamentary Union’s secretary-general.

 

In the United States there was 16 percent female representation, in Canada there was 35 percent, and in Britain women held 18.9 percent of seats, while in Rwanda and Sweden women make nearly half of the parliament.

 

There was a 19.1 percent representation in Europe, 16.8 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa, 16.1 percent in Asia, 14.5 percent in the Pacific (including Australia and New Zealand) and 8.6 percent in the Arab states.

 

“The Pacific Islands states have registered absolutely zero progress in the past decade, and judging from the past we don’t see much hope for progress in the coming elections,” Johnsson told a news conference.

 

The Inter-Parliamentary Union found that less than 3 percent of lawmakers in the Pacific Island states were women and no females won seats at elections held in 2006 in the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.

 

Johnsson also said there had also been a reversal of the successful trends seen in post-conflict countries, with elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Haiti seeing a fall in the number of female politicians.

 

“One of the reasons we are doing well in some areas is because of quotas,” he said.

 

The group found that 23 countries used gender quota systems to boost female representation and in those countries women had won nearly 22 percent of seats, while in countries without quotas females held about 12 percent.

 

“It is quite far from a satisfactory picture that we have and even further from the objective of parity that we would like to achieve,” said Margareth Mensah-Williams, vice-president of the union’s executive committee. “Women change the way politics are made.”

 

 

 

CNR Article About Pakistan Student Reveals a Secret

This article was printed from the Local Stories

section of the Chico News & Review, originally published February 18, 2010.

This article may be read online at:

http://www.newsreview.com/chico/content?oid=1372997

Copyright ©2010 Chico Community Publishing, Inc.

Printed on 2010-02-18.

A dangerous secret

How a Chico writer stumbled on a clandestine black-ops program in Pakistan operated by the notorious private militia Blackwater

By Robert Speer

Tag Cloud

%d bloggers like this: